The literature in female entrepreneurship has witnessed significant development in the last 30 years, with the research emphasis shifting from purely descriptive explorations towards a clear effort to embed research within highly informed conceptual frameworks.

With contributions from leading and emerging researchers, The Routledge Companion to Global Female Entrepreneurship brings together the latest international research, concepts and thinking in the area. With a strong international dimension, this book will facilitate comparative discussion and analysis on all aspects of female entrepreneurship, including start-ups, socio-economic influences, entrepreneurial capital and minority entrepreneurship.

Reflecting the subject’s growing importance for researchers, academics and policy makers as well as those involved in supporting women’s entrepreneurship through training programmes, networks, consultancy or the provision of venture capital, The Routledge Companion to Global Female Entrepreneurship will be an invaluable reference resource.

chapter |11 pages


The context and practice of female entrepreneurship

part 1|79 pages

The context for female entrepreneurship

chapter 1|15 pages

Women entrepreneurs and their ventures

Complicating categories and contextualising gender

chapter 4|16 pages

Saudi women’s entrepreneurial intentions

The social construction of norms and perceptions

chapter 5|14 pages

Female academic entrepreneurship and commercialisation

Reviewing the evidence and identifying the challenges

part 2|72 pages

The ecosystem for female entrepreneurs

chapter 8|21 pages

Financing high-growth women-owned firms in the United States

Challenges, opportunities and implications for public policy

chapter 9|12 pages

Gender differences in new venture funding

Supply-side discrimination or demand-side disinclination?

part 3|68 pages

Supporting female entrepreneurs

part 4|91 pages


chapter 14|20 pages

Identity work, swift trust and gender

The role of women-only leadership development programmes

chapter 15|16 pages

Postfeminism and entrepreneurship

Exploring the identity of the mumpreneur

chapter 18|25 pages

Perceived legitimacy of women entrepreneurs

Between identity legitimacy and entrepreneurial legitimacy

part 5|66 pages


chapter 20|16 pages

Female immigrant global entrepreneurship

From invisibility to empowerment?

chapter 21|16 pages

Entrepreneurial activity among Irish Traveller women

An insight into the complexity of survival

chapter 22|17 pages

Entrepreneurship, age and gender

The Swedish case