ABSTRACT

Due largely to developments made in artificial intelligence and cognitive psychology during the past two decades, expertise has become an important subject for scholarly investigations. The Nature of Expertise displays the variety of domains and human activities to which the study of expertise has been applied, and reflects growing attention on learning and the acquisition of expertise. Applying approaches influenced by such disciplines as cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence, and cognitive science, the contributors discuss those conditions that enhance and those that limit the development of high levels of cognitive skill.

chapter 1|21 pages

Expertise in Typewriting

ByDonald R. Gentner

chapter 2|48 pages

A Cognitive Analysis of Exceptional Memory for Restaurant Orders

ByK. Anders Ericsson, Peter G. Polson

chapter 3|58 pages

Skilled Memory and Expert Mental Calculation

ByJames J. Staszewski

chapter 4|24 pages

Knowledge and Processes in The Comprehension of Computer Programs

ByElliot Soloway, Beth Adelson, Kate Ehrlich

chapter 5|31 pages

Learning to Program Recursive Functions

ByJohn R. Anderson, Peter Pirolli, Robert Farrell

chapter 6|20 pages

A Model of Software Design

ByBeth Adelson, Elliot Soloway

chapter 7|20 pages

Expertise and Decision under Uncertainty: Performance and Process

ByEric J. Johnson

chapter 8|31 pages

Expertise on the Bench: Modeling Magistrates' Judicial Decision-Making

ByJeanette A. Lawrence

chapter 9|25 pages

On the Solving of Ill-Structured Problems

ByJames F. Voss, Timothy A. Post

chapter 10|24 pages

The Relationship Between Comprehension and Reasoning in Medical Expertise

ByGuy J. Groen, Vimla L. Patel

chapter 11|32 pages

Expertise in a Complex Skill: Diagnosing X-Ray Pictures

ByAlan Lesgold, Robert Glaser, Harriet Rubinson, Paul Feltovich, Dale Klopfer, Yen Wang