The challenges in Russia’s energy sector are changing. On the demand side, Europe is seeking to limit its dependence on Russian oil and gas, with the result that China and other Asian countries are likely to eventually become growing export markets for Russian energy. On the supply side, oil and gas fields in West Siberia are diminishing and in future Russia’s energy will have to come more from East Siberia and the Arctic, which will necessitate new infrastructure development and the employment of advanced technologies, which may increase Russia’s dependence on commercial partners from outside Russia. This book explores the challenges facing Russia’s energy sector and the resulting security implications. It includes a discussion of how far the Russian state is likely to continue to monopolise the energy sector, and how far competition from private and foreign companies might be allowed.

chapter 1|15 pages


chapter 2|25 pages

The energy strategy of Russia for the period up to 2030

Risks and opportunities

chapter 3|20 pages


Gas relationship at a crossroads

chapter 4|16 pages

Subsidies in Russia's gas trade

chapter 5|18 pages

Politicizing energy security

Russia and the European Union

chapter 6|19 pages

Russian bioenergy and the EU's renewable energy goals

Perspectives of security

chapter 12|19 pages

Russia's external energy strategy

Opportunities and challenges in the next twenty years