The advent of Internet marked a significant change in how users and customers can be involved in the innovative process. History is rife with examples of how users innovate, but Internet and its associated communication technologies brought radically new means for individuals to interact rapidly and at little cost in communities that spur new innovations. These communities are initiated and governed by people that differ in their motivations for taking part and participate to varying degrees. Such communities are outside the immediate control of companies seeking to develop open innovation strategies aimed at harnessing their work. This book brings together distinguished scholars from different disciplines: economics, organization theory, innovation studies and marketing in order to provide an improved understanding of how technological as well as symbolic value is created and appropriated at the intersection between online communities and firms. Empirical examples are presented from different industries, including software, services and manufacturing. The book offers food for thought for academics and managers to an important phenomenon that challenges many conventional wisdoms for how business can be done. This book was published as a special issue of Industry and Innovation.

chapter 1|10 pages

Online Communities and Open Innovation: Governance and Symbolic Value Creation

ByLinus Dahlander, Lars Frederiksen, Francesco Rullani

chapter 2|20 pages

Of Hackers and Hairdressers: Modularity and the Organizational Economics of Open-source Collaboration

ByRichard N. Langlois, Giampaolo Garzarelli

chapter 3|24 pages

The Role of Participation Architecture in Growing Sponsored Open Source Communities

ByJoel West and Siobhán O’Mahony

chapter 4|10 pages

Keep it Simple: A Companion for Simple Wikipedia?

ByMatthijs den Besten and Jean-Michel Dalle

chapter 5|20 pages

Communities of Consumption and Made in Italy

ByEleonora Di Maria, Vladi Finotto

chapter 6|24 pages

Leveraging Lead User Knowledge in Software Development— The Case of Weblog Technology

ByStephan Kaiser, Gordon Müller-Seitz

chapter 7|9 pages

Getting Clear About Communities in Open Innovation

ByJoel West, Karim R. Lakhani