Universities have become essential players in the generation of knowledge and innovation. Through the commercialization of technology, they have developed the ability to influence regional economic growth. By examining different commercialization models this book analyses technology transfer at universities as part of a national and regional system. It provides insight as to why certain models work better than others, and reaffirms that technology transfer programs must be linked to their regional and commercial environments.

Using a global perspective on technology commercialization, this book divides the discussion between developed and developing counties according to the level of university commercialization capability. Critical cases as well as country reports examine the policies and culture of university involvement in economic development, relationships between university and industry, and the commercialization of technology first developed at universities. In addition, each chapter provides examples from specific universities in each country from a regional, national, and international comparative perspective.

This book includes articles by leading practitioners as well as researchers and will be highly relevant to all those with an interest in innovation studies, organizational studies, regional economics, higher education, public policy and business entrepreneurship.

part I|34 pages


chapter 1|20 pages

The evolution of technology transfer

ByHenry Etzkowitz

chapter 2|12 pages

The globalization of academic innovation

ByShiri M. Breznitz

part II|111 pages


chapter 3|29 pages

The American experience in university technology transfer

ByMaryann Feldman, Paige Clayton

chapter 4|18 pages

Technology transfer paradox of success at Stanford University

“Don't fix” vs. “make it better”
ByHenry Etzkowitz

chapter 5|18 pages

De-reifying technology transfer metrics

To address the stages and phases of TTO development
ByHenry Etzkowitz, Devrim Göktepe-Hultén

chapter 6|44 pages

The commercialization of new drugs and vaccines discovered in public sector research

ByAshley J. Stevens, Jonathan J. Jensen, Katrine Wyller, Patrick C. Kilgore, Eric London, Qingzhi Zhang, Sabarni K. Chatterjee, Mark L. Rohrbaugh

part III|104 pages

Developed countries

chapter 7|30 pages

Island of bliss?

University technology commercialization practices in the Swiss innovation system
ByChristiane Gebhardt

chapter 8|23 pages

UK university models of technology transfer in a global economy

ByHelen Lawton Smith, John Glasson

chapter 9|24 pages

An analysis of the development of the Irish technology transfer system

ByCiara Fitzgerald, Rory P. O'Shea

part IV|165 pages

Developing countries

chapter 11|18 pages

University technology transfer

The case of Spain
ByAdela García-Aracil, Elena Castro-Martínez, Joaquín M. Azagra-Caro, Pablo D'Este, Ignacio Fernández de Lucio

chapter 12|22 pages

University technology commercialization

The case of Thailand
ByJarunee Wonglimpiyarat

chapter 13|18 pages

University technology transfer

The globalization of academic innovation in Russia
ByTatiana Pospelova

chapter 14|25 pages

The role of institutional characteristics in knowledge transfer

A comparative analysis of two Italian universities
ByFederica Rossi, Claudio Fassio, Aldo Geuna

chapter 15|25 pages

The Innovation Law, the creation of technology transfer offices and their impact on the Brazilian innovation landscape

ByAna L. V. Torkomian, M. Elizabeth R. dos Santos, Thiago J. C. C. Soares

chapter 16|30 pages

China's university technology transfer system

Political mobilization and academy for economic growth
ByChunyan Zhou

chapter 17|25 pages

University system in Vietnam

Some technology transfer practice
ByTran Ngoc Ca

part V|43 pages

What about university technology transfer?

chapter 18|9 pages

In university technology transfer one size does not fit them all

Comparing the biological sciences and information technology
ByMartin Kenney, Donald Patton

chapter 19|8 pages

International comparison of technology transfer data

The devil is in the details
ByFrank J.M. Zwetsloot, Lodewijk L. Gelauff, Robert J.W. Tijssen

chapter 20|6 pages

University technology transfer in Brazil

A comprehensive picture
ByGuilherme Ary Plonski

chapter 21|9 pages

The ethos of university technology transfer

Aligning transactional and humanistic values in a Bayh-Dole regime
ByHenry Etzkowitz

part VI|6 pages


chapter 23|4 pages

Making sense of university technology commercialization

Diversity and adaptation
ByShiri M. Breznitz, Henry Etzkowitz