ABSTRACT

Over the last three decades there has been a rapid expansion of intensive production of fresh fruit and vegetables in the Mediterranean regions of south and west Europe. Much of this depends on migrating workers for seasonal labour, including from Eastern Europe, North Africa and Latin America. This book is the first to address global agro-migration complexes across the region. 

It is argued that both intensive agricultural production and related working conditions are highly dynamic. Regional patterns have developed from small-scale family farming to become an industrialized part of the global agri-food system, which increasingly depends on seasonal labour. Simultaneously, consumer demand for year-round supply has caused relocations of the industry within Europe; areas of intensive greenhouse production have moved further south and even into North Africa. The authors investigate this Mediterranean agri-food system that transcends borders and is largely constituted by invisible seasonal work. By revealing the story of food commodities loaded with implications of private profit seeking, exploitation, exclusion and multiple insecurities, the book unmasks the hidden costs of fresh food provisioning. 

Three case study areas are considered in detail: the French region of Provence, a traditional centre of fresh fruit and vegetable cultivation; the Spanish Almería region where intensive production has, accelerated dramatically since the 1970s; and Morocco where counter-seasonal production has recently been expanding. The book also includes commentaries that refer to complemetary insights on US-Mexico, Philippines-Canada and South Pacific mobilities.

part |2 pages

Part I Introduction

chapter 1|20 pages

Seasonality and temporality in intensive agriculture

ByJÖRG GERTEL AND SARAH RUTH SIPPEL

chapter 2|12 pages

B/ordering the Mediterranean: free trade, fresh fruits and fluid fixity

ByMARC BOECKLER, CHRISTIAN BERNDT

part |2 pages

Part II France: traditional centre of fruit and vegetable production

chapter 3|12 pages

Shared insecurities? Farmers and workers in Bouches-du-Rhône

BySARAH RUTH SIPPEL AND JÖRG GERTEL

chapter 4|12 pages

Super/markets: beyond buyer-drivenness in southern France

ByJÖRG GERTEL AND SARAH RUTH SIPPEL

chapter 5|10 pages

Fruit production in France and Argentina: globalizing standards and labour markets

ByANNIE LAMANTHE, VICTOR RAU

part |2 pages

Part III Spain: symbol and embodiment of industrial agriculture

part |2 pages

Part IV Morocco: booming sites of counter-seasonal production

chapter 13|8 pages

Which agricultural policy for which food security in Morocco?

ByNAJIB AKESBI

chapter 14|11 pages

Facilitating the export of fruit and vegetables: the role of state institutions in Morocco

ByMADS BARBESGAARD, NIELS FOLD

chapter 16|12 pages

Labour and gender relations in Moroccan strawberry culture

ByJUANA MORENO NIETO

chapter 18|15 pages

Border makers: clandestine migration from Morocco

ByMUSTAPHA EL MIRI

part |2 pages

Part V Conclusion

chapter 20|7 pages

Epilogue: the social costs of eating fresh

ByJÖRG GERTEL AND SARAH RUTH SIPPEL