The Routledge Handbook of China–India Relations provides a much-needed understanding of the important and complex relationship between India and China. Reflecting the consequential and multifaceted nature of the bilateral relationship, it brings together thirty-five original contributions by a wide range of experts in the field. The chapters show that China–India relations are more far-reaching and complicated than ever and marked by both conflict and cooperation. Following a thorough introduction by the Editors, the handbook is divided into seven parts which combine thematic and chronological principles:

  • Historical overviews
  • Culture and strategic culture: constructing the other
  • Core bilateral conflicts
  • Military relations
  • Economy and development
  • Relations with third parties
  • China, India, and global order

This handbook will be an essential reference work for scholars interested in International Relations, Asian Politics, Global Politics, and China–India relations.

chapter |17 pages


Taking stock—a multi-disciplinary view of China–India relations
ByKanti Bajpai, Selina Ho, Manjari Chatterjee Miller

chapter 1|15 pages

Reflections on comparing China and India 1

ByTarun Khanna

part Part 1|72 pages

Historical overviews

chapter 2|28 pages

China and India pre-1939

ByRudolf G. Wagner

chapter 3|24 pages

Relations between the Republic of China and India, 1937–1949

ByTansen Sen

chapter 4|18 pages

The 1950s in China–India relations

ByHu Xiaowen

part Part 2|62 pages

Culture and strategic culture

chapter 5|12 pages

The new Indian communities in China

ByPallavi Aiyar

chapter 6|20 pages

The alien next door

Media images in China and India
BySimon Shen, Debasish Roy Chowdhury

chapter 7|12 pages

India in China’s strategic thought

ByZhang Feng

chapter 8|16 pages

China in India’s strategic thought

ByIan Hall

part Part 3|58 pages

Core bilateral conflicts

chapter 9|11 pages

Stability in a secondary strategic direction

China and the border dispute with India after 1962
ByM. Taylor Fravel

chapter 10|15 pages

Differences not disputes

India’s view of the border after 1962
ByRishika Chauhan

chapter 11|14 pages

Solving a solved problem

The Tibet issue in China–India relations
ByFang Tien-sze

chapter 12|16 pages

China–India river-water conflicts

Toward a solution through launching a cooperation spiral
BySebastian Biba

part Part 4|64 pages

Military relations

chapter 13|13 pages

Offensive defense

India’s strategic responses to the rise of China
ByYogesh Joshi, Anit Mukherjee

chapter 14|12 pages

Asymmetric but uneven

The China–India conventional military balance
ByOriana Skylar Mastro, Arzan Tarapore

chapter 15|14 pages

China–India and maritime security

A contest for power and influence in the Indian Ocean
ByDavid Brewster

chapter 16|23 pages

China and India

Two models for AI military acquisition and integration
ByLora Saalman

part Part 5|74 pages

Economy and connectivity

chapter 17|12 pages

Bilateral economic relations amid trade and trust deficits

ByPradeep Taneja

chapter 18|12 pages

China, India, and Asian connectivity

China’s view
ByLin Minwang

chapter 19|18 pages

China, India, and Asian connectivity

India’s view
ByJabin T. Jacob

chapter 20|16 pages

Divergent capitalism in China and India

A historical institutionalist approach
ByYe Min

chapter 21|14 pages

Contested partnership

China and India in a changing BRICS
ByGu Jing, Neil Renwick

part Part 6|136 pages

Relations with third parties

chapter 22|15 pages

The China–India–US triangle

A view from Washington
ByJeff M. Smith

chapter 23|16 pages


A balancer in India–China relations?
ByVidya Nadkarni

chapter 24|14 pages

India, China, and Japan’s policy of Asian regionalism

ByIzuyama Marie

chapter 25|10 pages

India and the China–Pakistan relationship

De-hyphenation and re-hyphenation
ByAndrew Small

chapter 26|14 pages

Across the Himalayas

China in India’s neighborhood
ByConstantino Xavier

chapter 27|15 pages

Unequal rivals

China, India, and the struggle for influence in Southeast Asia
BySheryn Lee

chapter 28|17 pages

China and India in the Middle East

The rivalry moves west?
ByNicolas Blarel

chapter 29|16 pages

China and India’s engagement with Africa

Seeking national interests
ByWu Fuzuo

chapter 30|17 pages

Beyond triangulation

Latin America and the Caribbean’s relations with China and India in the era of the Belt and Road Initiative
ByAdriana Erthal Abdenur

part Part 7|96 pages

China, India, and global order

chapter 31|16 pages

Chinese and Indian competitive nuclear restraint in the global nuclear order

ByNicola Leveringhaus, Kate Sullivan de Estrada

chapter 32|14 pages

China, India, and outer space

Cooperation and competition in the global commons
ByJulie Michelle Klinger

chapter 33|20 pages

China, India, and global security

Deploying to UN peacekeeping operations and shaping the responsibility to protect
ByCourtney J. Fung

chapter 34|27 pages

China and India

Continuity and change in climate negotiations
ByLydia Powell

chapter 35|17 pages

Engaging global health governance

The experience of China and India
ByHuang Yanzhong