Donald Shoup brilliantly overcame the challenge of writing about parking without being boring in his iconoclastic 800-page book The High Cost of Free Parking. Easy to read and often entertaining, the book showed that city parking policies subsidize cars, encourage sprawl, degrade urban design, prohibit walkability, damage the economy, raise housing costs, and penalize people who cannot afford or choose not to own a car. Using careful analysis and creative thinking, Shoup recommended three parking reforms: (1) remove off-street parking requirements, (2) charge the right prices for on-street parking, and (3) spend the meter revenue to improve public services on the metered streets.

Parking and the City reports on the progress that cities have made in adopting these three reforms. The successful outcomes provide convincing evidence that Shoup’s policy proposals are not theoretical and idealistic but instead are practical and realistic. The good news about our decades of bad planning for parking is that the damage we have done will be far cheaper to repair than to ignore. The 51 chapters by 46 authors in Parking and the City show how reforming our misguided and wrongheaded parking policies can do a world of good.

Read more about parking benefit districts with a free download of Chapter 51 by copying the link below into your browser.  


chapter |55 pages


ByDonald Shoup

part I|1 pages

Remove Off-Street Parking Requirements

chapter 1|15 pages

Truth in Transportation Planning

ByDonald Shoup

chapter 2|7 pages

People, Parking, and Cities

ByMichael Manville, Donald Shoup

chapter 3|16 pages

The High Cost of Parking Requirements

ByDonald Shoup

chapter 4|4 pages

The Unequal Burden of Parking Requirements

ByDonald Shoup

chapter 5|8 pages

Parking Mismanagement: An RX for Congestion

ByRachel Weinberger

chapter 6|16 pages

The United States of Parking

BySeth Goodman

chapter 7|8 pages

The Fiscal and Travel Consequences of Parking Requirements

ByChris McCahill, Norman Garrick, Carol Atkinson-Palombo

chapter 8|8 pages

The Environmental Impacts of Parking Lots

ByEmma Kirkpatrick, Amélie Davis, Bryan Pijanowski

chapter 9|7 pages

Parking and Affordable Housing in San Francisco

ByBill Chapin, Wenyu Jia, Martin Wachs

chapter 10|7 pages

The Unintended Consequences of New York City’s Minimum Parking Requirements

BySimon McDonnell, Josiah Madar

chapter 11|6 pages

The Hidden Cost of Bundled Parking

ByC.J. Gabbe, Gregory Pierce

chapter 12|10 pages

Parking Policies in Asian Cities: Conventional but Instructive

ByPaul Barter

chapter 13|6 pages

Parking and the Environment

ByMikhail Chester, Arpad Horvath, Samer Madanat

chapter 14|6 pages

The Parking Glut in Los Angeles

ByAndrew Fraser, Mikhail Chester, Juan Matute

chapter 15|8 pages

Less Off-Street Parking, More Mexico City

ByRodrigo García Reséndiz, Andrés Sañudo Gavaldón

chapter 16|8 pages

From Parking Minimums to Parking Maximums in London

ByZhan Guo

chapter 17|6 pages

Putting a Cap on Parking Requirements

ByDonald Shoup

chapter 18|8 pages

Parking Requirements and Housing Development in Los Angeles

ByMichael Manville

chapter 19|9 pages

Parking Reform Made Easy

ByRichard Willson

chapter 20|6 pages

Parking Management for Smart Growth

ByRichard Willson

chapter 22|13 pages

Abolishing Minimum Parking Requirements: A Guide for Practitioners

ByPatrick Siegman

chapter 23|11 pages

Buffalo Abandons Parking Requirements

ByDaniel Baldwin Hess

chapter 24|4 pages

Solar Parking Requirements

ByDonald Shoup

part II|1 pages

Charge the Right Prices for On-Street Parking

chapter 25|9 pages

Cruising for Parking

ByDonald Shoup

chapter 26|6 pages

Free Parking or Free Markets

ByDonald Shoup

chapter 27|7 pages

Informal Parking: Turning Problems into Solutions

ByDonald Shoup

chapter 28|3 pages

Progressive Parking Prices

ByMichael Klein

chapter 29|3 pages

Progressive Parking Fines

ByDonald Shoup

chapter 30|9 pages

Disabled Placard Abuse

ByMichael Manville, Jonathan Williams

chapter 31|3 pages

Ending the Abuse of Disabled Parking Placards

ByDonald Shoup

chapter 32|6 pages

Ending Disabled Placard Abuse at Parking Meters: The Two-Tier Solution

ByDonald Shoup, Fernando Torres-Gil

chapter 33|4 pages

Parking Charity

ByDonald Shoup

chapter 34|5 pages

Popular Parking Meters

ByDonald Shoup

chapter 35|6 pages

Parking Limits: Lean Demand Management in Berkeley

ByElizabeth Deakin

chapter 36|22 pages


ByJay Primus

chapter 37|10 pages

SFpark: Pricing Parking by Demand

ByGregory Pierce, Donald Shoup

chapter 38|7 pages

Market-Priced Parking in Theory and Practice

ByMichael Manville, Daniel G. Chatman

chapter 39|9 pages

Cruising for Parking: Lessons from San Francisco

ByAdam Millard-Ball, Rachel Weinberger, Robert Hampshire

chapter 40|8 pages

Optimizing the Use of Public Garages: Pricing Parking by Demand

ByGregory Pierce, Hank Willson, Donald Shoup

chapter 41|11 pages

LA Express Park

ByPeer Ghent

chapter 42|14 pages

The Politics and Economics of Parking on Campus

ByDonald Shoup

chapter 43|10 pages

Cashing Out Employer-Paid Parking

ByDonald Shoup

part III|1 pages

Parking Benefit Districts

chapter 44|11 pages

Parking Matters in Old Pasadena

ByDouglas Kolozsvari, Donald Shoup

chapter 45|12 pages

Revitalizing a Downtown with Smart Parking Policies

ByDan Zack

chapter 46|7 pages

Paid Parking and Free Wi-Fi in Ventura

ByThomas Mericle

chapter 47|8 pages

A Parking Benefit District Grows in Houston

ByMaria Irshad

chapter 48|11 pages

Parking Benefit Districts in Austin, Texas

ByLeah M. Bojo

chapter 49|9 pages

Parking Benefit Districts in Mexico City

ByRodrigo García Reséndiz, Andrés Sañudo Gavaldón

chapter 50|10 pages

Parking Benefit Districts in Beijing

ByDonald Shoup, Quan Yuan, Xin Jiang

chapter 51|11 pages

Residential Parking Benefit Districts

ByDonald Shoup

chapter |6 pages

Epilogue: Doing More with Less

ByDonald Shoup