Donald Shoup brilliantly overcame the challenge of writing about parking without being boring in his iconoclastic 800-page book The High Cost of Free Parking. Easy to read and often entertaining, the book showed that city parking policies subsidize cars, encourage sprawl, degrade urban design, prohibit walkability, damage the economy, raise housing costs, and penalize people who cannot afford or choose not to own a car. Using careful analysis and creative thinking, Shoup recommended three parking reforms: (1) remove off-street parking requirements, (2) charge the right prices for on-street parking, and (3) spend the meter revenue to improve public services on the metered streets.

Parking and the City reports on the progress that cities have made in adopting these three reforms. The successful outcomes provide convincing evidence that Shoup’s policy proposals are not theoretical and idealistic but instead are practical and realistic. The good news about our decades of bad planning for parking is that the damage we have done will be far cheaper to repair than to ignore. The 51 chapters by 46 authors in Parking and the City show how reforming our misguided and wrongheaded parking policies can do a world of good.

Read more about parking benefit districts with a free download of Chapter 51 by copying the link below into your browser.  


chapter |55 pages


part I|1 pages

Remove Off-Street Parking Requirements

chapter 1|15 pages

Truth in Transportation Planning

chapter 6|16 pages

The United States of Parking

chapter 19|9 pages

Parking Reform Made Easy

chapter 24|4 pages

Solar Parking Requirements

part II|1 pages

Charge the Right Prices for On-Street Parking

chapter 25|9 pages

Cruising for Parking

chapter 26|6 pages

Free Parking or Free Markets

chapter 28|3 pages

Progressive Parking Prices

chapter 29|3 pages

Progressive Parking Fines

chapter 33|4 pages

Parking Charity

chapter 34|5 pages

Popular Parking Meters

chapter 36|22 pages


chapter 41|11 pages

LA Express Park

chapter 43|10 pages

Cashing Out Employer-Paid Parking

part III|1 pages

Parking Benefit Districts

chapter |6 pages

Epilogue: Doing More with Less