This book explores the emergence, and in Poland, Hungary, and Russia the coming to power, of politicians and political parties rejecting the consensus around market reforms, democratization, and rule of law that has characterized moves toward an "open society" from the 1990s. It discusses how over the last decade these political actors, together with various think tanks, intellectual circles, and religious actors, have increasingly presented themselves as "conservatives," and outlines how these actors are developing a new local brand of conservatism as a full-fledged ideology that counters the perceived liberal overemphasis on individual rights and freedom, and differs from the ideology of the established, present-day conservative parties of Western Europe. Overall, the book argues that the "renaissance of conservatism" in these countries represents variations on a new, illiberal conservatism that aims to re-establish a strong state sovereignty defining and pursuing a national path of development.

chapter 1|22 pages


Toward a new illiberal conservatism in Russia and East Central Europe
ByKatharina Bluhm, Mihai Varga

part Part I|2 pages


chapter 2|29 pages

Russia’s conservative counter-movement

25Genesis, actors, and core concepts
ByKatharina Bluhm

chapter 4|22 pages

Against “post-communism”

The conservative dawn in Hungary
ByAron Buzogány, Mihai Varga

chapter 5|21 pages

New conservatism in Poland

The discourse coalition around Law and Justice
ByEwa Dąbrowska

chapter 6|17 pages

The national conservative parties in Poland and Hungary and their core supporters compared

Values and socio-structural background
ByJochen Roose, Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski

part Part II|1 pages


chapter 8|21 pages

The limits of conservative influence on economic policy in Russia

ByIrina Busygina, Mikhail Filippov

chapter 9|20 pages

The “Budapest–Warsaw Express”

Conservatism and the diffusion of economic policies in Poland and Hungary
ByEwa Dąbrowska, Aron Buzogány, Mihai Varga

chapter 10|25 pages

Gender in the resurgent Polish conservatism

ByAgnieszka Wierzcholska

chapter 11|22 pages

“Traditional values” unleashed

The ultraconservative influence on Russian family policy
ByKatharina Bluhm, Martin Brand

chapter 12|15 pages

Religious conservatism in post-Soviet Russia and its relation to politics

Empirical findings from ethnographic fieldwork
ByTobias Köllner

chapter 13|20 pages

Ready for diffusion?

Russia’s “cultural turn” and the post-Soviet space
BySebastian Schiek, Azam Isabaev

chapter 14|16 pages

The emergence and propagation of new conservatism in post-communist countries

Systematization and outlook
ByKatharina Bluhm, Mihai Varga