This handbook examines human responses to climatic and environmental changes in the past,and  their impacts on disease patterns, nutritional status, migration, and interpersonal violence. Bioarchaeology—the study of archaeological human skeletons—provides direct evidence of the human experience of past climate and environmental changes and serves as an important complement to paleoclimate, historical, and archaeological approaches to changes we may expect with global warming.

Comprising 27 chapters from experts across a broad range of time periods and geographical regions, this book addresses hypotheses about how climate and environmental changes impact human health and well-being, factors that promote resilience, and circumstances that make migration or interpersonal violence a more likely outcome. The volume highlights the potential relevance of bioarchaeological analysis to contemporary challenges by organizing the chapters into a framework outlined by the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. Planning for a warmer world requires knowledge about humans as biological organisms with a deep connection to Earth's ecosystems balanced by an appreciation of how historical and socio-cultural circumstances, socioeconomic inequality, degrees of urbanization, community mobility, and social institutions play a role in shaping long-term outcomes for human communities. 

Containing a wealth of nuanced perspectives about human-environmental relations, book is key reading for students of environmental archaeology, bioarchaeology, and the history of disease. By providing a longer view of contemporary challenges, it may also interest readers in public health, public policy, and planning.

chapter 1|16 pages

A bioarchaeology of climate and environmental change

ByGwen Robbins Schug

part Part I|140 pages

Good health and well-being

chapter 2|24 pages

Exploring the third “epidemiological transition”

Paleopathology’s contribution to understanding health and well-being today and for the future
ByCharlotte A. Roberts

chapter 3|17 pages

Disease in the context of environmental change

ByMolly K. Zuckerman, Ashley C. Dafoe

chapter 4|23 pages

Living on the edge

Climate-induced micronutrient famines in the ancient Atacama Desert?
ByAnne Marie E. Snoddy, Charlotte L. King, Siân E. Halcrow, Andrew R. Millard, Hallie R. Buckley, Vivien G. Standen, Bernardo T. Arriaza

chapter 5|20 pages

Climate change and adaptive systems in Bronze Age Gansu, China

ByElizabeth Berger, Hui Wang

chapter 6|19 pages

Resources, stress, and response in late Viking Age Iceland

ByGuðný Zoëga, Kimmarie A. Murphy

chapter 7|19 pages

Respiratory disease in the Middle Nile Valley

The impact of environment and aridification
ByAnna M. Davies-Barrett, Daniel Antoine, Charlotte A. Roberts

chapter 8|16 pages

Health and disease at the marshes

Deciphering human–environmental interactions at Roman Aventicum, Switzerland (1st–3rd century AD)
ByChryssa Bourbou

part Part II|120 pages

Socioeconomic and gender equality, no poverty or hunger

chapter 9|30 pages

A bioarchaeology of social inequality and environmental change

ByKenneth C. Nystrom, Gwen Robbins Schug

chapter 10|16 pages

Urban environments

Demography, epidemiology, and the role of climate change in determining health outcomes
BySharon N. DeWitte

chapter 11|16 pages

Social variation in an urban environment and its impacts on stress

Preliminary results from Ancient Greek Himera (Sicily)
ByBritney Kyle, Laurie Reitsema

chapter 13|18 pages

Resilience and change

A biocultural view of a Bedouin population in the emerging modern Middle East
ByMegan A. Perry, Emily Edwards

chapter 14|22 pages

A bioarchaeology of madness

Modernity, pellagra, and the rise of the manicomio system in the Veneto Region of Italy
ByMegan Miller, Gwen Robbins Schug, Luca Pagani, Nicola Carrara

part Part III|100 pages

Peace, justice, and strong institutions

chapter 15|22 pages

Making sense of violence and environmental change in Europe

ByRebecca Redfern

chapter 16|15 pages

The climate change–witch execution connection

Living with environmental uncertainties on the Colorado Plateau (AD 800–1350)
ByDebra L. Martin, Ryan P. Harrod

chapter 17|16 pages

Biological and cultural adaptations to climate change in prehistoric central California

ByMarin A. Pilloud, Al W. Schwitalla, Kristen A. Broehl

chapter 18|13 pages

Environmental, behavioral, and bodily change

Violence in the Late Intermediate Period (AD 1000–1450), North Chile
ByChristina Torres-Rouff

chapter 20|13 pages

Violence and climate change in the Jōmon period, Japan

ByHisashi Nakao, Tomomi Nakagawa, Kohei Tamura, Yuji Yamaguchi, Naoko Matsumoto, Takehiko Matsugi

part Part IV|134 pages

Life on land

chapter 21|17 pages

Slouching toward the Neolithic

Complexity, simplification, and resilience in the Japanese archipelago
ByMark James Hudson

chapter 22|20 pages

A bioarchaeological perspective on trauma incidence in high-altitude environments, Nepal

ByJacqueline T. Eng, Mark Aldenderfer

chapter 23|15 pages

Climate and activity in Middle Holocene Siberia

ByAngela R. Lieverse

chapter 24|22 pages

Aridity and adaptation among Arabian Bronze Age communities

Investigating mobility and climate change using isotope analysis
ByLesley A. Gregoricka

chapter 26|20 pages

Environmental dynamics and stable isotopic signatures in early Inner Asian Steppe communities

ByMichelle Hrivnyak, Jacqueline T. Eng

chapter 27|18 pages

Human–animal entanglements and environmental change

Multi-species approaches in Remote Oceania
ByJudith Littleton, Gina McFarlane, Melinda S. Allen