This interdisciplinary collection examines the role that alcohol, tobacco and other drugs have played in framing certain groups and spaces as ‘dangerous’ and in influencing the nature of formal responses to the perceived threat.

Taking a historical and cross-national perspective, it explores how such groups and spaces are defined and bounded as well as the processes by which they come to be seen as ‘risky’. It discusses how issues of perceived danger highlight questions of control and the management of behaviours, people and environments, and it pays attention to the way in which sanctions and regulations have been implemented in a variety of often inconsistent ways that frequently impact differently on different sections of the population.

Bringing together a range of case studies drawn from different countries and across different periods of time, the chapters collected here illustrate issues of marginalisation, stigmatisation, human rights and social expectations. It is of interest to a diverse audience of historians, philosophers, human geographers, anthropologists, sociologists and criminologists interested in substance use and misuse, deviance, risk and power among other topics.

chapter 1|13 pages


Risk and substance use
ByBetsy Thom, Susanne MacGregor

chapter 2|16 pages

Substance use, dangerous classes and spaces

A historical perspective
ByJames Nicholls, Virginia Berridge

chapter 3|19 pages

Methamphetamine users and the process of condemnation in Japan

Framing and influence
ByAkihiko Sato

chapter 4|17 pages

Dangerous drugs, dangerous women

Declassé women, drugs and sapphic sexuality in 1930s London
ByChristopher Hallam

chapter 5|22 pages

Drinking in pregnancy

Shifting towards the ‘precautionary principle’
ByBetsy Thom, Rachel Herring, Emma Milne

chapter 6|21 pages

Creating safe spaces in dangerous places

‘Chicks Day’ for women who inject drugs in Budapest, Hungary
ByCamille May Stengel

chapter 7|21 pages

Risk factors and dangerous classes in a European context

The consequences of ethnic framing of and among Turkish drug users in Ghent, Belgium
ByCharlotte De Kock

chapter 9|20 pages

Drink, drugs and the ‘dangerous poor’

Fear and loathing in contemporary cities
BySusanne MacGregor, Aileen O’Gorman

chapter 10|21 pages

Framing and reframing drug ‘problems’ in prison spaces and populations

ByKaren Duke, Torsten Kolind

chapter 11|18 pages

Deviant and dangerous

Queer adults, smoker-related stigma and tobacco de-normalisation
ByEmile Sanders, Tamar M.J. Antin, Geoffrey Hunt

chapter 12|21 pages

Coming out of the closet

Risk management strategies of illegal cannabis growers
ByGary R. Potter, Axel Klein

chapter 13|15 pages

Framing substance use problems

Influence on key concepts, methods of research and policy orientation
ByAlfred Uhl

chapter 14|15 pages


Risk, danger and policies towards psychoactive substances
BySusanne MacGregor, Betsy Thom