This volume addresses the pluralistic identity of the legal order. It argues that the mutual reflexivity of the different ways society perceives law and law perceives society eclipses the unique formal identity of written law. It advances a distinctive approach to the plural ways in which legal cultures work in a modern society, through the metaphor of the mirror. As a mirror of society, it distinguishes between the structure and function of legal culture within the legal system, and the external representation of law in society. This duality is further problematized in relation to the increasing transnationalisation of law.

Based on a multi-level interpretation of the concept of legal culture, the work is divided into three parts: the first addresses the mutual reflections of social and legal norms that support a pluralist representation of internal legal cultures, the second concentrates on the external legal cultures that constantly enable pragmatic adjustments of the legal order to its social environment, and the third concludes the book with a theoretical discussion of the issues presented.

chapter |8 pages


part I|86 pages

Towards a reflexive legal culture

chapter 1|17 pages

The normative anatomy of society 1

chapter 2|16 pages

A typology of legal cultures

chapter 4|18 pages

Towards a global legal culture?

Spaces of law in the transnational constellation

chapter 5|18 pages

Competing mirrors

Law’s blind spots in philosophical and social-scientific review

part II|76 pages

On the multidimensional functioning of legal systems

chapter 8|21 pages

Questionable neutrality

Personal values in judicial adjudication 1

chapter 9|14 pages

The leaking law 1

part III|28 pages

A conceptual discussion