Over the past decade, several initiatives have been launched to address the major health problems affecting the world's poorest countries, including global efforts to combat HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria. More recently, a millennial challenge has been laid down to root out and confront the links between poverty and health. Using demographic surveillance systems, the INDEPTH researchers aim to contribute both to the empirical knowledge about health equity in developing countries and to report on the application of and innovation in tools and methods. Illustrated with case studies from Africa and Asia, this book puts forward a comprehensive view of the INDEPTH methodologies and findings. It develops and measures concepts and constructs of 'poverty' and 'equity' and relates these to health status. While tools and concepts for measuring health status are more developed, this volume contributes by grappling with new concepts and tools to measure changes in deprivation and disadvantage, adding to this intense theoretical and methodological debate.

chapter 2|14 pages

Socio-economic Status and Health Inequalities in Rural Tanzania: Evidence from the Rufiji Demographic Surveillance System

ByEleuther Mwageni, Honorati Masanja, Zaharani Juma, Devota Momburi, Yahya Mkilindi, Conrad Mbuya, Harun Kasale, Graham Reid, Don de Savigny

chapter 3|11 pages

Child Health Inequity in Rural Tanzania: Can the National Millennium Development Goals Include the Poorest?

ByRose Nathan, Joanna Armstrong-Schellenberg, Honorati Masanja, Sosthenes Charles, Oscar Mukasa, Hassan Mshinda

chapter 4|21 pages

Health Inequalities in the Kassena-Nankana District of Northern Ghana

ByCornelius Debpuur, Peter Wontuo, James Akazili, Philomena Nyarko

chapter 5|19 pages

Socio-economic Status and Child Mortality in a Rural Sub-District of South Africa

ByKathleen Kahn, Mark Collinson, James Hargreaves, Sam Clark, Stephen Tollman

chapter 6|21 pages

Maternal Vulnerability and Socio-economic Inequalities in Child Mortality in West Africa: An Exploratory Study

ByMorten Sodemann, Amabelia Rodrigues, Jens Nielsen, Peter Aaby

chapter 7|17 pages

Parents’ Socio-economic Status and Social Support as Risks for Child Mortality: Consideration of Health Equity in The Gambia

ByAmy Ratcliffe, Kate Halton, Rosalind Coleman, Maimuna Sowe, Gijs Walraven

chapter 8|16 pages

Health and Health Care: Equity Aspects in FilaBavi, Vietnam

ByNguyen Duy Khe, Pham Huy Dung, Ho Dang Phuc, Hoang Van Minh, Nguyen Xuan Thanh, Bo Eriksson, Vinod Diwan, Nguyen Thi Kim Chuc

chapter 9|11 pages

Does Health Intervention Improve Health Equity? Evidence from Matlab, Bangladesh

ByAbdur Razzaque, Peter Kim Streatfield

chapter 11|15 pages

Development, Validation and Performance of a Rapid Consumption Expenditure Proxy for Measuring Income Poverty in Tanzania: Experience from AMMP Demographic Surveillance Sites

ByPhilip Setel, Savitri Abeyasekera, Patrick Ward, Yusuf Hemed, David Whiting, Robert Mswia, Manos Antoninis