In recent times, especially under the influence of postmodernism, culture has often been construed as a critique of modernity. This wide-ranging and comprehensive collection of readings shows that such issues have always been at the centre of thought about the relationship between culture and civilization The readings are divided into three sections, linking the civilization debate to political theory, to the cultural debate and to the sociology and anthropology. The substantial extracts included give students a rare chance to engage at length with classic texts to appreciate the nature of the battle between the Enlightenment and its critics which has shaped current thought. Classical Readings on Culture and Civilisation presents essays from Immanuel Kant, Adam Ferguson, Thomas Jefferson, Alexis de Tocqueville, Friedrich von Schiller, Friedrich Nietzche, Georg Simmel, Thomas Mann, Sigmund Freud, Emile Durkheim, Marcel Mauss, Lucien Febvre, Alfred Weber, Robert E. Park and Norbert Elias.

chapter |35 pages

Introduction: Civilization, Culture and the Human Self-Image

ByJohn Rundell, Stephen Mennell

section I|46 pages

Civilization as Political Transformation

chapter 1|9 pages

Civilization and Enlightenment

‘Idea for a Universal History from a Cosmopolitan Point of View’ 1 (1784)
ByImmanuel Kant

chapter 2|13 pages

Nations and Civilizations

Extracts from An Essay on the History of Civil Society (1767)
ByAdam Ferguson

chapter 3|12 pages

Civilization, Enlightenment and the New World

Extracts from Notes on the State of Virginia (1781)
ByThomas Jefferson

chapter 4|10 pages

Democracy and Despotism

Extracts from Democracy in America, Vol. 2 (1840)
ByAlexis de Tocqueville

part II|65 pages

Cultural Critiques of Civilization

chapter 5|10 pages

Civilization and Romanticism

Extracts from On the Aesthetic Education of Man, in a Series of Letters (1794)
ByFriedrich Schiller

chapter 6|20 pages

Civilization as Cruelty

Extract from On the Genealogy of Morals, Second essay (1887)
ByFriedrich Nietzsche

chapter 7|15 pages

Culture’s Inevitable Loss

‘On the Concept and Tragedy of Culture’ (1911)
ByGeorg Simmel

chapter 8|9 pages

Militarism and Culture

An extract from Reflections of a Non-political Man (1918)
ByThomas Mann

chapter 9|9 pages

Civilization's Streit

‘Why War?’ (1932)
BySigmund Freud

part III|92 pages

Sociology and Anthropology: From Civilization to Civilizing Processes

chapter 10|4 pages

Between Sociology and Anthropology I

‘Note on the Notion of Civilization’ (1913)
ByEntile Durkheim, Marcel Mauss

chapter 11|5 pages

Between Sociology and Anthropology II

‘Civilizations: Elements and Forms’ (1929)
ByMarcel Mauss

chapter 12|31 pages

History and Civilization

‘Civilisation: Evolution of a Word and a Group of Ideas’ (1930)
ByLucien Febvre

chapter 13|25 pages

Civilization and Culture — A Synthesis

“Fundamentals of Culture-Sociology: Social Process, Civilizational Process and Culture-Movement” (1921)
ByAlfred Weber

chapter 14|9 pages

Cities of Culture, Cities of Civilization

‘The Problem of Cultural Differences’ (1931)
ByRobert E. Park

chapter 15|16 pages

Civilization, Culture, Identity

‘“Civilisation” and “Culture”: Nationalism and Nation-State Formation’: an extract from The Germans (1989)
ByNorbert Elias