Historically, scientists and experts have played a prominent role in shaping the relationship between Europe and Africa. Starting with travel writers and missionary intellectuals in the 17th century, European savants have engaged in the study of nature and society in Africa. Knowledge about realms of the world like Africa provided a foil against which Europeans came to view themselves as members of enlightened and modern civilisations. Science and technology also offered crucial tools with which to administer, represent and legitimate power relations in a new global world but the knowledge drawn from contacts with people in far-off places provided Europeans with information and ideas that contributed in everyday ways to the scientific revolution and that provided explorers with the intellectual and social capital needed to develop science into modern disciplines at home in the metropole. This book poses questions about the changing role of European science and expert knowledge from early colonial times to post-colonial times. How did science shape understanding of Africa in Europe and how was scientific knowledge shaped, adapted and redefined in African contexts?

chapter 1|12 pages

Science between Africa and Europe

Creating knowledge and connecting worlds (introduction)
ByMartin Lengwiler, Nigel Penn

part 1|90 pages

Mapping and exploring

chapter 2|32 pages

Peter Kolb and the circulation of knowledge about the Cape of Good Hope

ByNigel Penn, Adrien Delmas

chapter 3|19 pages

A naturalist’s career

Hinrich Lichtenstein (1780–1857)
BySandra Näf-Gloor

chapter 4|20 pages

‘Nothing but love for natural history and my desire to help your Museum’?

Ludwig Krebs’s transcontinental collecting partnership with Hinrich Lichtenstein
ByPatrick Grogan

chapter 5|17 pages

The African travels of Hans Schinz

Biological transfer and the academisation and popularisation of (African) Botany in Zurich *
ByDag Henrichsen

part 2|82 pages

Knowledge practices between colonial and local actors

chapter 6|20 pages

Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee

One work’s significance for European knowledge production about the Asante Empire
BySonia Abun-Nasr

chapter 7|25 pages

Tropical soldiers?

New definitions of military strength in the colonial context (1884–1914) 1
ByHeinrich Hartmann

chapter 8|21 pages

Disease at the confluence of knowledge

Kifafa and epilepsy in Ulanga (Tanzania)
ByMarcel Dreier

chapter 9|14 pages

Standards and standardisations

The history of a malaria vaccine candidate (SPf66) in Tanzania
ByLukas Meier

part 3|71 pages

International discourses, transnational circulations of knowledge

chapter 11|29 pages

Davos of Ghana?

Local, national and international perspectives on tuberculosis treatment and control (ca. 1920–1965) 1
ByPascal Schmid

chapter 12|19 pages

When economics went overseas

Epistemic problems in the macroeconomic analysis of late colonial Africa
ByDaniel Speich Chassé