In this important book, one of the most exciting and promising developments in clinical psychology-behavior modification is applied to the treatment of the mentally retarded, particularly those whose behavior poses difficult problems for institutions. Professor Gardner presents an easily intelligible yet detailed account of the concepts and practices of behavior modification and the underlying learning systems, with numerous clinical illustrations of applying specific techniques to various educational and rehabilitation problems. A thorough discussion of the inadequacies of the psychological evaluation systems normally used in education and rehabilitation is offered, along with an alternative behavior analysis approach that provides a method of translating evaluation data into treatment practices. In explaining behavior analysis, the author takes into account the limited behavioral repertoire of the retarded and environmental deficits. Individual chapters on respondent, operant, and observational learning, and a detailed discussion of a functional analysis approach to evaluation, are included. Proven behavior modification strategies are presented along with a review of related research and clinical studies. The book closes with a detailed description of a research program for the design and testing of sheltered workshop systems for the retarded and emotionally disturbed. The positive approach inherent in the belief that behavior is modifiable-even in the severely limited retarded-is in marked contrast to the pessimism of other systems of therapy, education, and training. Also, the author has concentrated throughout on making the book understandable to clinicians and students with no previous knowledge of behavior modification. Besides serving as a valuable handbook for all treatment personnel, the book can also be used as a basic text for various courses dealing with mental retardation.

part One|57 pages

Problems of Education and Rehabilitation of the Mentally Retarded Client

chapter One|25 pages


Bywilliam i. gardner

chapter Two|11 pages

Types of Problem Behaviors

Bywilliam i. gardner

chapter Three|19 pages

Characteristics and Bases of Problem Behaviors

Bywilliam i. gardner

part Two|81 pages

Behavior Modification: Concepts and Principles

chapter Four|18 pages

The Nature of Behavior Modification

Bywilliam i. gardner

chapter Five|9 pages

Concepts of Respondent Learning

Bywilliam i. gardner

chapter Six|46 pages

Concepts of Operant Learning

Bywilliam i. gardner

chapter Seven|6 pages

Concepts of Observational Learning

Bywilliam i. gardner

part Three|47 pages

Psychological Evaluation of the Mentally Retarded Client

chapter Eight|20 pages

Behavioral Evaluation: A Basis for Rehabilitation

Bywilliam i. gardner

chapter Nine|25 pages

A Functional Analysis Approach to Evaluation

Bywilliam i. gardner

part Four|171 pages

Methods of Producing Behavior Change

chapter Ten|27 pages

Behavior Treatment: General Considerations

Bywilliam i. gardner

chapter Fourteen|45 pages

Applied Behavioral Technology in a Vocational Rehabilitation Setting

ByC. G. Screven, Joseph A. Straka, Richard Lafond