This volume probes practical dilemmas and competing re- search perspectives in environmental policy analysis. Scholars working in different fields, research traditions, societies, and policy domains offer significant insights into the processes and consequences of environmental policy making.

Part 1, "Coping with Boundaries," describes present-day conflict between experts and greater public participation in environmental policy. It shows that the institutionalization of increasingly complex environmental problems has led to a conflict between technocracy and democracy. Part 2, "The Transnational Challenge," examines modes of cooperation between grassroots movements, scientists, and regional authorities in the United States and Canada. These and other modes of cooperation laid the foundations for the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, increased the effectiveness of air pollution treaties, and increased climate change. Part 3, "Bio-Hazards: Policies and Paralysis," deals with environmental prob-lems closest to the everyday concerns of the public at large because they have immediate implications for food safety and other values. Part 4, "The Citizens' Perspective," focuses on citizen vis-a-vis environmental policy, noting that in order to make policies work citizens must be willing and able to participate in policy-making and cooperate in implementing environmental choices. Part 5, "Confronting Ordinary and Expert Knowledge," explores opportunities and constraints affecting public participation in evaluation of science. Part 6, "Developments in Research Programming," addresses such questions as whether scientists still have opportunities to do the research they want without being interrupted or disturbed by policy makers and other stakeholders. Part 7, "Policy Sciences' Aspirations," explores different avenues for improving environmental policy.

Volume twelve in the PSRA series should inspire further investigations of the relations among knowledge, power, and participation in environmental policy. It will be of timely interest to environmentalists, policy-makers, scholars, and the general public.

chapter 1|26 pages

Knowledge, Power, and Participation in Environmental Policy Analysis: An Introduction

ByM. Hisschemöller, R. Hoppe, W. N. Dunn, J. R. Ravetz

part 1|92 pages

Coping with Boundaries

chapter 4|24 pages

Democratic Expertise: Integrating Knowledge, Power, and Participation

ByEdward J. Woodhouse, Dean A. Nieusma

chapter 5|22 pages

Toward a “Best Practice” of Constructing “Serviceable Truths”

ByDavid H. Guston

part II|80 pages

The Transnational Challenge

part IV|46 pages

The Citizens’ Perspective

part V|54 pages

Confronting Ordinary and Expert Knowledge

chapter 15|20 pages

Participation and Expert Knowledge: A Case Study Analysis of Scientific Models and Their Publics

BySteven Yearley, John Forrester, Peter Bailey

part VI|46 pages

Developments in Research Programming

part VII|78 pages

Policy Sciences’Aspirations

chapter 19|34 pages

Knowledge Use and Political Choice in Dutch Environmental Policy: A Problem Structuring Perspective on Real Life Experiments in Extended Peer Review

ByMatthijs Hisschemöller, Rob Hoppe, Peter Groenewegen, Cees J. H. Midden

chapter 20|22 pages

Models of Risks: An Exploration

ByJerry R. Ravetz