This special issue addresses the nature, development, and consequences of a variety of lay theories for group perception and behavior. The articles illuminate the structural, functional, and dynamic properties of lay theories, as well as their scope. Addressing the development of the theories from diverse theoretical perspectives-evolutionary, cognitive, developmental, and sociocultural learning-each paper documents the consequences of different lay theories for understanding group inferences and judgements. Collectively the articles propose theoretical extensions and suggest practical implications of the lay theories approach for reducing prejudice.

chapter |9 pages

The Contribution of the Lay Theories Approach to the Study of Groups

ByYing-yi Hong, Sheri R. Levy, Chi-yue Chiu

chapter |11 pages

Children's Lay Theories About Ingroups and Outgroups: Reconceptualizing Research on Prejudice

ByJessica A. Cameron, Jeannette M. Alvarez, Diane N. Ruble, Andrew J. Fuligni

chapter |12 pages

Elements of a Lay Theory of Groups: Types of Groups, Relational Styles, and the Perception of Group Entitativity

ByBrian Lickel, David L. Hamilton, Steven J. Sherman

chapter |15 pages

The Interplay of Subjective Essentialism and Entitativity in the Formation of Stereotypes

ByVincent Yzerbyt, Olivier Corneille, Claudia Estrada

chapter |13 pages

Static Versus Dynamic Theories and the Perception of Groups: Different Routes to Different Destinations

BySheri R. Levy, Jason E. Plaks, Ying-yi Hong, Chi-yue Chiu, Carol S. Dweck

chapter |14 pages

Culturally Conferred Conceptions of Agency: A Key to Social Perception of Persons, Groups, and Other Actors

ByMichael W. Morris, Tanya Menon, Daniel R. Ames