Parenting: An Ecological Perspective was originally created in 1993 to answer questions such as: Why do parents differ markedly in the ways in which they care for their children? What factors contribute to individual differences in parenting behavior? The framework used for addressing these questions is the ecological perspective developed by Urie Bronfenbrenner, who recognized that children's development is influenced by the interactions that they have over time with the people, objects, and symbols in their immediate environment.

Luster and Okagaki have updated the original text focusing on parental behavior and also included 6 new chapters covering topics such as:
*fathers/gender of parent;
*children with special needs;
*ethnicity and socioeconomic status; and
*parent education.

The text summarizes the latest research on factors that influence parenting, with each chapter providing a look at one important influence and the linkages among these various factors. An ecological perspective draws attention to the fact that the lives of parents and children are intertwined, and that understanding factors that influence parents is important for understanding the experiences of children.

part I|2 pages


chapter 1|32 pages

Parents’ Social Cognitions and Their Parenting Behaviors

ByLynn Okagaki, Gary E. Bingham

chapter 2|38 pages

Developmental Origins of Parenting: Personality and Relationship Factors

ByJoan Vondra, Helen Bittmann Sysko, Jay Belsky

chapter 3|30 pages

Adolescent Mothers and Their Children: An Ecological Perspective

ByTom Luster, Julie Laser Haddow

chapter 4|42 pages

Fathers: Cultural and Ecological Perspectives

ByRoss D. Parke, Jessica Dennis, Mary L. Flyr, Kristie L. Morris, Melinda S. Leidy, Thomas J. Schofield

part II|2 pages


chapter 5|30 pages

The Effects of Child Characteristics on Parenting

ByKatherine Hildebrandt Karraker, Priscilla K. Coleman

chapter 6|26 pages

Parenting Children with Developmental Disabilities

ByRobert M. Hodapp, Tran M. Ly

part III|2 pages


chapter 7|30 pages

Parenting and the Marital Relationship

ByFrank D. Fincham, Julie H. Hall

chapter 8|40 pages

Parenting and Personal Social Networks

ByMoncrieff Cochran, Susan K. Walker

chapter 9|22 pages

The Long Arm of the Job Revisited: Parenting in Dual-Earner Families

ByAnn C. Crouter, Susan M. McHale

chapter 10|22 pages

Neighborhood and Community Influences on Parenting

ByJames Garbarino, Catherine P. Bradshaw, Kathleen Kostelny

chapter 11|24 pages

Socioeconomic Status, Ethnicity, and Parenting

ByBirgit Leyendecker, Robin L. Harwood, Lisa Comparini, Alev Yalçinkaya

chapter 12|32 pages

Searches for What Works in Parenting Interventions

ByDouglas R. Powell

part IV|2 pages