Products from the wild, also known as non-timber forest products (NTFPs), are used as medicines, foods, spices, and a multitude of other purposes. They contribute substantially to rural livelihoods, generate revenue for companies and governments, and have a range of impacts on biodiversity conservation. However, there is little information available for those seeking to develop effective policy frameworks and regulation. 

This book addresses that shortage with information and recommendations on the drafting, content and implementation of NTFP policies, and the broader issues of governance associated with these products. It reviews the diverse elements that combine to create laws and policies that promote sustainable and equitable management, trade and use of species. Drawing on a wealth of unique case studies from around the world, this volume examines experiences with NTFP regulation, including its sometimes unintended consequences. It looks at economic factors, the interface between traditional and western knowledge and legal systems, and relationships between NTFP regulation, land tenure and resource rights, as well as power and equity imbalances. The volume includes a review of available literature and resources, plus an annotated bibliography linked to the People and Plants International website (www.peopleandplants.org). 

Published with People and Plants International

chapter |14 pages


BySarah A. Laird, Rebecca J. McLain, Rachel P. Wynberg

chapter 1|28 pages

Changing Policy Trends in the Emergence of Bolivia’s Brazil Nut Sector

ByPeter Cronkleton, Pablo Pacheco

chapter |10 pages

Case Study A In Search of Regulations to Promote the Sustainable Use of NTFPs in Brazil

ByMarina Pinheiro Klüppel, Júlio César Raposo Ferreira, José Humberto Chaves, Antônio Carlos Hummel

chapter 2|18 pages

Integrating Customary and Statutory Systems: The Struggle to Develop a Legal and Policy Framework for NTFPs in Cameroon

BySarah A. Laird, Verina Ingram, Abdon Awono, Ousseynou Ndoye, Terry Sunderland, Estherine Lisinge Fotabong, Robert Nkuinkeu

chapter |8 pages

Case Study C Regulatory Issues for Bush Mango (Irvingia spp.) Trade in South-west Cameroon and South-east Nigeria

ByTerry Sunderland, Stella Asaha, Michael Balinga, Okon Isoni

chapter 3|28 pages

NTFPs in India: Rhetoric and Reality

BySharachchandra Lele, Manoj Pattanaik, Nitin D. Rai

chapter 4|22 pages

Policy Gaps and Invisible Elbows: NTFPs in British Columbia

ByDarcy A. Mitchell, Sinclair Tedder, Tim Brigham, Wendy Cocksedge, Tom Hobby

chapter 5|20 pages

NTFPs in Scotland: Changing Attitudes to Access Rights in a Reforesting Land

ByAlison Dyke, Marla Emery

chapter 6|28 pages

From Barter Trade to Brad Pitt’s Bed: NTFPs and Ancestral Domains in the Philippines

ByYasmin D. Arquiza, Maria Cristina S. Guerrero, Augusto B. Gatmaytan and Arlynn C. Aquino

chapter 8|24 pages

Overcoming Barriers in Collectively Managed NTFPs in Mexico

ByCatarina Illsley Granich, Silvia E. Purata, Fabrice Edouard, Maria Fernanda Sánchez Pardo, Citlali Tovar

chapter 9|14 pages

Fiji: Commerce, Carving and Customary Tenure

ByFrancis Areki, Anthony B. Cunningham

chapter 14|16 pages

Laws and Policies Impacting Trade in NTFPs

ByAlan Pierce, Markus Bürgener

chapter 15|24 pages

The State of NTFP Policy and Law

BySarah A. Laird, Rachel P. Wynberg, Rebecca J. McLain

chapter 16|8 pages


BySarah A. Laird, Rachel P. Wynberg, Rebecca J. McLain