ABSTRACT

Many articles in the Reader were originally published in RFF's quarterly magazine, Resources. Wally Oates has supplemented that with material drawn from other RFF works, including issue briefs and special reports. The readings provide concise, insightful background and perspectives on a broad range of environmental issues including benefit-cost analysis, environmental regulation, hazardous and toxic waste, environmental equity, and the environmental challenges in developing nations and transitional economies. Natural-resource topics include resource management, biodiversity, and sustainable agriculture. The articles address many of today's most difficult public policy questions, such as environmental policy and economic growth, and 'When is a Life Too Costly to Save?' New to the second edition is an expanded set of readings on global climate change and sustainability, plus cutting-edge policy applications on topics like the environment and public health and the growing problem of antibiotic and pesticide resistance. For general readers, the RFF Reader has been an accessible, nontechnical, authoritative introduction to key issues in environmental and natural resources policy. It has been especially effective in demonstrating the contribution that economics and other social science research can make toward improving public debate and decisionmaking. Organized to follow the contents of popular textbooks in environmental economics and politics, it has also found wide use in beginning environmental policy courses.

part |2 pages

Part 1. Science and Environmental Policy

chapter 1|4 pages

What the Science Says: How We Use It and Abuse It to Make Health and Environmental Policy

ByJames Wilson and J.W. Anderson

chapter 2|6 pages

Using Science Soundly: The Yucca Mountain Standard

ByRobert W. Fri

part |2 pages

Part 2. Valuation of the Environment and Benefit-Cost Analysis

chapter 3|6 pages

Economics Clarifies Choices about Managing Risk

ByMyrick Freeman III and Paul R. Portney

chapter 5|7 pages

Discounting the Future: Economics and Ethics

ByTimothy J. Brennan

chapter 6|3 pages

Time and Money: Discounting’s Problematic Allure

ByPaul R. Portney

chapter 7|5 pages

How Much Will People Pay for Longevity?

ByAlan J. Krupnick

chapter 8|6 pages

The Faustian Bargain: Risk, Ethics, and Nuclear Energy

ByAllen V. Kneese

part |2 pages

Part 3. Environmental Regulation

chapter 10|10 pages

Trading Cases: Five Examples of the Use of Markets in Environmental and Resource Management

ByJames Boyd, Dallas Burtraw, Alan Krupnick, Virginia McConnell, Richard G. Newell, Karen Palmer, James N. Sanchirico, Margaret Walls

chapter 11|6 pages

Economics Incentives Versus Command and Control

ByWinston Harrington, Richard D. Morgenstern

chapter 14|5 pages

Is Gasoline Undertaxed in the United States?

ByIan Parry

chapter 15|5 pages

Pay as You Slow: Road Pricing to Reduce Traffic Congestion

ByIan Parry, Elena Safirova

part |2 pages

Part 4. Environmental Accounting and Statistics

chapter 17|4 pages

Accounting for the Environment

BySpencer Banzhaf

chapter 18|6 pages

Greening the GDP: Is It Desirable? Is It Feasible?

ByJoel Darmstadter

part |2 pages

Part 5. Environmental Federalism

chapter 19|6 pages

Environmental Federalism

ByRobert M. Schwab

chapter 20|3 pages

The Arsenic Rule: A Case for Decentralized Standard Setting?

ByWallace E. Oates

chapter 21|5 pages

The Interstate Transport of Air Pollution: A Regulatory Dilemma

ByAlan Krupnick, Jhih-Shyang Shih

chapter 22|6 pages

State Innovation for Environmental Improvements: Experimental Federalism

ByWinston Harrington, Karen L. Palmer, Margaret Walls

part |2 pages

Part 6. Resource Management and Conservation

chapter 23|5 pages

Catching Market Efficiencies: Quota-Based Fisheries Management

ByJames Sanchirico, Richard Newell

chapter 24|5 pages

Marketing Water: The Obstacles and the Impetus

ByKenneth D. Frederick

chapter 25|5 pages

Ecosystem Management: An Uncharted Path for Public Forests

ByRoger A. Sedjo

chapter 26|5 pages

Carving Out Some Space: A Guide to Land Preservation Strategies

ByJames Boyd, Kathryn Caballero, R. David Simpson

chapter 27|7 pages

A Market Approach to Land Preservation

ByVirginia McConnell, Margaret Walls, Elizabeth Kopits

chapter 28|5 pages

Preserving Biodiversity as a Resource

ByRoger A. Sedjo

chapter 29|6 pages

Cost-Effective Conservation: A Review of What Works to Preserve Biodiversity

ByPaul Ferraro, R. David Simpson

part |2 pages

Part 7. Energy Policy for the Twenty-First Century

chapter 30|4 pages

Setting Energy Policy in the Modern Era: Tough Challenges Lie Ahead

ByWilliam A. Pizer

chapter 31|5 pages

Petroleum: Energy Independence is Unrealistic

ByIan W.H. Parry and J.W. Anderson

chapter 32|4 pages

Coal: Dirty Cheap Energy

chapter 33|4 pages

Nuclear Power: Clean, Costly, and Controversial

ByPaul R. Portney

chapter 34|5 pages

Renewable Sources of Electricity: Safe Bet or Tilting at Windmills?

ByJoel Darmstadter, Karen Palmer

chapter 35|6 pages

The Effectiveness and Cost of Energy Efficiency Programs

ByKenneth Gillingham, Richard Newell, Karen Palmer

part |2 pages

Part 8. Global Climate Change

chapter 36|12 pages

Climate Change and Climate Policy

ByJ.W. Anderson

chapter 37|12 pages

How Much Climate Change is Too Much? An Economics Perspective

ByJason F. Shogren, Michael A. Toman

chapter 38|10 pages

Choosing Price or Quantity Controls for Greenhouse Gases

ByWilliam A. Pizer

chapter 40|5 pages

Forest “Sinks” as a Tool for Climate-Change Policymaking

ByRoger A. Sedjo

part |2 pages

Part 9. Thinking About Sustainable Development

chapter 41|6 pages

The Difficulty in Defining Sustainability

ByMichael A. Toman

chapter 42|10 pages

An Almost Practical Step Toward Sustainability

ByRobert Solow

part |2 pages

Part 10. Environmental Policy in Developing and Transitional Countries

chapter 44|5 pages

Demonstrating Emissions Trading in Taiyuan, China

ByRichard D. Morgenstern, Robert Anderson, Ruth Greenspan Bell, Alan J. Krupnick, Xuehua Zhang

part |2 pages

Part 11. New Horizons in Environmental Management

part |2 pages

Part 12. An Historical Perspective