Environmental conflict resolution (ECR) is a process of negotiation that allows stakeholders in a dispute to reach a mutually satisfactory agreement on their own terms. The tools of ECR, such as facilitation, mediation, and conflict assessment, suggest that it fits well with other ideas for reforming environmental policy. First used in 1974, ECR has been an official part of policymaking since the mid 1990s. The Promise and Performance of Environmental Conflict Resolution is the first book to systematically evaluate the results of these efforts. The Promise and Performance of Environmental Conflict Resolution presents empirical research along with insights from some of ECR‘s most experienced practitioners. Beginning with a primer about concepts and methods, the book describes the kinds of disputes where ECR has been applied, making it clear that 'despite the faith of proponents in the power and usefulness of ECR, it is not applicable to all environmental conflicts.' The contributions that follow critically investigate the record and potential of ECR, drawing on perspectives from political science, public administration, regional planning, philosophy, psychology, anthropology, and law. ECR is being extended to almost every area of environmental policy. Rosemary O'Leary and Lisa Bingham argue that truly effective use of ECR requires something more than advocacy. The Promise and Performance of Environmental Conflict Resolution provides scholars, policymakers, students, and practitioners with critical assessments, so that ECR can be used to its best advantage.

part I|50 pages


chapter 1|24 pages

The Challenges of Environmental Conflict Resolution

ByKirk Emerson, Tina Nabatchi, Rosemary O'Leary, John Stephens

chapter 2|24 pages

Whose Reality Counts?

ByJuliana E. Birkhoff, Kem Lowry

part II|36 pages

Upstream Environmental Conflict Resolution

chapter 3|16 pages

Dispute Resolution as a Method of Public Participation

ByThomas C. Beierle, Jerry Cayford

chapter 4|18 pages

Is Satisfaction Success?

Evaluating Public Participation in Regulatory Policymaking
ByCary Coglianese

part III|85 pages

Midstream Environmental Conflict Resolution

chapter 5|21 pages

Intractable Conflict

ByMarcia Caton Campbell

chapter 6|18 pages

Achievement of Relationship Change

ByTamra Pearson D'Estrée

chapter 7|19 pages

Retrospective and Prospective Frame Elicitation

BySanda Kaufman, Barbara Gray

chapter 8|24 pages

Facilitators, Coordinators, and Outcomes

ByWilliam Leach, Paul Sabatier

part IV|101 pages

Downstream Environmental Conflict Resolution at the State and Federal Levels

chapter 9|17 pages

Evaluation of Environmental Dispute Resolution Programs

ByAndy Rowe

chapter 10|15 pages

An Evaluation System for State and Federal Conflict Resolution Programs

The Policy Consensus Initiative
ByKirk Emerson, Christine Carlson

chapter 11|23 pages

State Agency Administrative Mediation

A Florida Trial
ByFrances Berry, Bruce Stiftel, Aysin Dedekorkut

chapter 12|23 pages

Court-A nnexed Environmental Mediation

The District of Oregon Pilot Project
ByLisa A. Kloppenberg

chapter 13|21 pages

Dispute Resolution at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

ByRosemary O'Leary, Susan Summers Raines

part V|51 pages

Downstream Environmental Conflict Resolution and Outcome Measures

chapter 14|24 pages

The Assessment of Environmental Outcomes

ByMette Brogden

chapter 15|25 pages

Economic Characteristics of Successful Outcomes

ByBonnie G. Colby

part VI|25 pages


chapter 16|23 pages

Fulfilling the Promise of Environmental Conflict Resolution

ByLisa B. Bingham, David Fairman, Daniel J. Fiorino, Rosemary O'Leary