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# The Learning and Teaching of Algebra

DOI link for The Learning and Teaching of Algebra

The Learning and Teaching of Algebra book

# The Learning and Teaching of Algebra

DOI link for The Learning and Teaching of Algebra

The Learning and Teaching of Algebra book

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## ABSTRACT

IMPACT (Interweaving Mathematics Pedagogy and Content for Teaching) is an exciting new series of texts for teacher education which aims to advance the learning and teaching of mathematics by integrating mathematics content with the broader research and theoretical base of mathematics education.

*The Learning and Teaching of Algebra* provides a pedagogical framework for the teaching and learning of algebra grounded in theory and research.

Areas covered include:

• Algebra: Setting the Scene

• Some Lessons From History

• Seeing Algebra Through the Eyes of a Learner

• Emphases in Algebra Teaching

• Algebra Education in the Digital Era

This guide will be essential reading for trainee and qualified teachers of mathematics, graduate students, curriculum developers, researchers and all those who are interested in the "problématique" of teaching and learning algebra. It allows you to get involved in the wealth of knowledge that teachers can draw upon to assist learners, helping you gain the insights that mastering algebra provides.

Preface

1. Algebra – Setting the scene

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Algebra – Aims, actions and entities

1.2.1 Aims

1.2.2 Actions

1.2.3 Entities

1.3 Why Algebra?

1.4 Chapter Summary

1.5 Thinking further

1.6 References

2. Some lessons from history

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Linear equations in ancient Egypt

2.3 Quadratic equations in ancient Babylonia

2.4 A geometric view of algebra from Arabic mathematics

2.5 Beyond solving equations: The emergence of algebra in Europe

2.5.1 Some algebraic rules and their explanation

2.5.2 Negative numbers

2.6 Chapter summary

2.7 Thinking further

2.8 References

3. Seeing algebra through the eyes of a learner

3.1 Introduction – putting on teachers’ bifocal spectacles

3.2 What do algebraic letters represent?

3.2.1 Fruit salad algebra – misleading teaching with long term consequences

3.3 The process-object duality

3.4 The meaning of the equals sign

3.5 Algebra for recording and revealing mathematical structure

3.6 Transitions from arithmetic to algebra

3.6.1 Contrasting arithmetic and algebraic problem solving

3.6.2 Fundamental ideas of equation solving

3.6.3 Algebra and creativity

3.7 The procedures of equation solving

3.7.1 Process-object distinction in solving simultaneous equations

3.8 Functions as processes and objects

3.9 Chapter Summary

3.10 Thinking Further

3.11 References

Chapter 4: Emphases in algebra teaching

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Teaching algebra in context

4.3 Productive practice

4.4 The reconciliation of routine and insight

4.5 Exploiting student mistakes

4.6 Proofs in algebra teaching

4.7 Chapter summary

4.8 Thinking further

4.9 References

5. Algebra education in the digital era

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Digital tools for algebra

5.2.1 Algebraic functionality of digital tools

5.2.2 Pedagogical roles of digital tools for algebra

5.3 Core algebra entities with digital means

5.3.1 Variable

5.3.2 Equation and equivalence

5.3.3 Function

5.4 Teaching and learning algebra with digital means

5.5 Chapter summary

5.6 Thinking further

5.7 References

Epilogue