Human–Systems Integration: From Virtual to Tangible

Subject Guide: Ergonomics and Human Factors

This book is an attempt to better formalize a systemic approach to human–systems integration (HSI). Good HSI is a matter of maturity… it takes time to mature. It takes time for a human being to become autonomous, and then mature! HSI is a matter of human–machine teaming, where human–machine cooperation and coordination are crucial. We cannot think engineering design without considering people and organizations that go with it. We also cannot think new technology, new organizations, and new jobs without considering change management.

More specifically, this book is a follow-up of previous contributions in human-centered design and practice in the development of virtual prototypes that requires progressive operational tangibility toward HSI. The book discusses flexibility in design and operations, tangibility of software-intensive systems, virtual human-centered design, increasingly autonomous complex systems, human factors and ergonomics of sociotechnical systems, systems integration, and changed management in digital organizations.

The book will be of interest to industry, academia, those involved with systems engineering, human factors, and the broader public.

chapter chapter zero|19 pages


chapter chapter one|24 pages

Human-centered design of industrial complex systems

chapter chapter two|16 pages

Tangibility problems and potential solutions

chapter chapter three|11 pages

Technology, organizations, and people

chapter chapter four|25 pages

Formalizing Human–Systems Integration

chapter chapter five|25 pages

From rigid automation to flexible autonomy

chapter chapter six|17 pages

Orchestrating Human–Systems Integration

chapter chapter seven|20 pages

Design for flexibility in an increasingly complex world

chapter chapter eight|12 pages

Activity, creativity, storytelling, and tangibility

The right mix

chapter chapter nine|23 pages

Evaluation processes and metrics

chapter |5 pages