The Puget Sound is a complex fjord-estuary system in Washington State that is connected to the Pacific Ocean by the Juan de Fuca Strait and surrounded by several large population centers. The watershed is enormous, covering nearly 43,000 square kilometers with thousands of rivers and streams. Geological forces, volcanos, Ice Ages, and changes in sea levels make the Sound a biologically dynamic and fascinating environment, as well as a productive ecosystem. Human activity has also influenced the Sound. Humans built several major cities, such as Seattle and Tacoma, have dramatically affected the Puget Sound. This book describes the natural history and evolution of Puget Sound over the last 100 million years through the present and into the future.

Key Features

  • Summarizes a complex geological, geographical, and ecological history
  • Reviews how the Puget Sound has changed and will likely change in the future
  • Examines the different roles of various drivers of the Sound’s ecosystem function
  • Includes the role of humans—both first people and modern populations.
  • Explores Puget Sound as an example of general bay ecological and environmental issues

chapter 1|6 pages

Puget Sound Then and Now

chapter 3|12 pages


chapter 4|13 pages

Geomorphology of Puget Sound

chapter 5|22 pages

Early Biology of Puget Sound

chapter 6|10 pages

Humans Arrive

chapter 7|32 pages

Puget Sound Today

chapter 8|57 pages

Biology of Puget Sound

chapter 10|19 pages

Puget Sound in the Future