This introductory text is a reader friendly treatment of geometrical and physical optics emphasizing problems and solved examples with detailed analysis and helpful commentary. The authors are seasoned educators with decades of experience teaching optics. Their approach is to gradually present mathematics explaining the physical concepts. It covers ray tracing to the wave nature of light, and introduces Maxwell’s equations in an organic fashion. The text then moves on to explains how to analyze simple optical systems such as spectacles for improving vision, microscopes, and telescopes, while also being exposed to contemporary research topics.

Ajawad I. Haija is a professor of physics at Indiana University of Pennsylvania.

M. Z. Numan is professor and chair of the department of physics at Indiana University of Pennsylvania.

W. Larry Freeman is Emeritus Professor of Physics at Indiana University of Pennsylvania.

section I|22 pages


chapter 1|20 pages


Its Nature and History of Study

section II|94 pages

Geometrical Optics of Light

chapter 2|37 pages

Reflection and Refraction

chapter 3|27 pages

Paraxial Rays and Lenses

chapter 4|26 pages

Matrix Optics for Paraxial Rays

section III|288 pages

Wave Optics

chapter 5|20 pages

Light Waves, Properties, and Propagation

chapter 7|28 pages

Double and Multiple-Beam Interference

chapter 8|39 pages

Diffraction I

Fraunhofer Diffraction

chapter 9|39 pages

Diffraction II

Fresnel Diffraction

chapter 10|21 pages

Optics of Multilayer Systems

chapter 11|27 pages


chapter 12|19 pages

Fourier Optics

chapter 13|62 pages