Traditional methods for handling spatial data are encumbered by the assumption of separate origins for horizontal and vertical measurements, but modern measurement systems operate in a 3-D spatial environment. The 3-D Global Spatial Data Model: Principles and Applications, Second Edition maintains a new model for handling digital spatial data, the global spatial data model or GSDM. The GSDM preserves the integrity of three-dimensional spatial data while also providing additional benefits such as simpler equations, worldwide standardization, and the ability to track spatial data accuracy with greater specificity and convenience. This second edition expands to new topics that satisfy a growing need in the GIS, professional surveyor, machine control, and Big Data communities while continuing to embrace the earth center fixed coordinate system as the fundamental point of origin of one, two, and three-dimensional data sets. Ideal for both beginner and advanced levels, this book also provides guidance and insight on how to link to the data collected and stored in legacy systems.

chapter 4|46 pages

Summary of Mathematical Concepts

chapter 6|16 pages

Overview of Geodesy

chapter 7|48 pages

Geometrical Geodesy

chapter 8|17 pages

Geodetic Datums

chapter 9|23 pages

Physical Geodesy

chapter 11|37 pages

Map Projections and State Plane Coordinates

chapter 12|24 pages

Spatial Data Accuracy

chapter 15|68 pages

Using the GSDM—Projects and Applications