This book presents the first ever comprehensive survey of a new family of nanocomposite sorbents “salt in porous matrix” (CSPMs). These composites have recently been developed for selective sorption of water, alcohols, ammonia, and carbon dioxide. They owe their origin to the catchy idea of target-oriented tailoring of materials with predetermined adsorption properties harmonized with a particular adsorption process.
The book develops the concept of target-oriented synthesis and suggests tools for tailoring new adsorbent materials adapted to multiple practical applications. It describes properties of approximately 50 new CSPMs of water, alcohols, ammonia, and carbon dioxide, including the data obtained in the author’s laboratory and literature available by the end of 2018. These data can be used for engineering calculations and analysis of practical applications. The book also discusses potential applications of these sorbents for storage and transformation of low-temperature heat, gas drying, maintenance of relative humidity in museums, and regeneration of heat and moisture in ventilation systems.

chapter Chapter 1|13 pages

Introductory Remarks

chapter Chapter 2|19 pages

Description of Adsorption Equilibrium and Dynamics

chapter Chapter 3|21 pages

Optimal Adsorbent: Basic Requirements

chapter Chapter 4|26 pages

Basic Synthesis Methods

chapter Chapter 7|26 pages

Composite Sorbents of Methanol

chapter Chapter 8|27 pages

Composite Sorbents of Ammonia

chapter Chapter 9|11 pages

Composite Sorbents of Carbon Dioxide

chapter Chapter 10|18 pages

Thermal Properties of CSPMs

chapter Chapter 12|18 pages

Molecular Dynamics of Sorbed Water

chapter Chapter 13|17 pages

Sorption Dynamics: An Individual Composite Grain

chapter Chapter 14|10 pages

Sorption Dynamics: A Composite Bed

chapter Chapter 15|21 pages

Isobaric Sorption Dynamics: A Temperature Initiation

chapter Chapter 18|15 pages

Regeneration of Heat and Moisture in Ventilation Systems

chapter Chapter 19|16 pages

Maintaining Relative Humidity

chapter Chapter 20|11 pages

Shifting Chemical Equilibrium

chapter Chapter 21|9 pages

Active Heat Insulation