This book is a bridge between ecological paradigms – organismal/community approaches to food web dynamics and ecosystem-level approaches to production. The unification of organismal, community, and ecosystem approaches in ecology is emerging due to the growing availability of new techniques for assessing trophic interactions and their implications for ecosystems. Trophic Ecology is a formal text for both newcomers to the discipline as well as seasoned professionals looking for new ideas and refreshers on old topics. A wide range of topics are explained including autotrophy, heterotrophy, omnivory, decomposition, foraging behavior and theory, trophic cascades, bioenergetics, and production. The audience is upper-level undergraduate students and entry-level graduate students interested in autecological, organismal approaches to ecology, community and ecosystem ecology. It is also a reference text for instructors teaching upper-division courses, providing examples from the literature, quantitative approaches to teach, and new hypotheses yet to be fully tested by ecologists.

part |2 pages

SECTION I Concepts and Patterns

chapter 2|26 pages

Trophic Pyramids and Trophic Levels

chapter 3|20 pages

Scavenging and Decomposition

part |2 pages

SECTION II Mechanisms at the Organismal Scale

chapter 4|20 pages

Foraging in Patches

chapter 5|20 pages


chapter 6|26 pages


part |2 pages

SECTION III: Diet Data, Modeling, and Energetics Approaches

chapter 7|28 pages

Analyzing Diets

chapter 9|20 pages

Consumption and Nutrition

part |2 pages

SECTION IV Community and Ecosystem Concepts

chapter 10|34 pages

Food Webs

chapter 11|16 pages

Secondary Production

part |2 pages

SECTION V Quantifying Material Flux and Synthesis

chapter 12|20 pages

Nutrient Dynamics and Stoichiometry

chapter 13|22 pages

Elements and Isotopes as Tracers

chapter 15|10 pages

Synthesis for Trophic Ecology