Advances in Heat Transfer Unit Operations: Baking and Freezing in Bread Making explains the latest understanding of heat transfer phenomena involved in the baking and freezing of bread and describes the most recent advanced techniques used to produce higher quality bread with a longer shelf life. Heat transfer phenomena occur during key bread-making stages (cold storage, resting, and fermentation) in which temperature and amount of heat transfer must be carefully controlled. This book combines the engineering and technological aspects of heat transfer operations and discusses how these operations interact with the bread making process; the book also discusses how baking and freezing influence the product quality.

Divided into fourteen chapters, the book covers the basics of heat and mass transfer, fluid dynamics, and surface phenomena in bread-making industrial operations, mathematical modelling in porous systems, the estimation of thermo-physical properties related to bread making, design of equipment, and industrial applications.

chapter 2|74 pages

Steady-State Heat Transfer

chapter 3|34 pages

Nonsteady-State Heat Transfer

chapter 6|16 pages

Heat and Mass Transfer during Baking

chapter 8|36 pages

Baking Oven Design

chapter 10|34 pages

Freezing Time Calculations