At the close of the nineteenth century, we stood on the threshold of one of the greatest periods of science, in which the entire world and understanding of science would be shaken to the core and greatly modified. This explosion of knowledge led ultimately to that same information revolution that we live in today. Planck and Einstein showed that light was not continuous but made of small corpuscles that today we call photons. Einstein changed the understanding of mechanics with his theory of relativity: airplanes became conceivable; radio and television blossomed; and the microelectronics industry, which drives most of modern technology, came into being. New areas of science were greatly expanded and developed, and one of these was quantum mechanics, which is the story to be told here. Yet, the development of quantum mechanics and the leadership of Niels Bohr have distorted the understanding of quantum mechanics in a strange way. There are some who would say that Bohr set back the real understanding of quantum mechanics by half a century. I believe they underestimate his role, and it may be something more like a full century. Whether we call it the Copenhagen interpretation, or the Copenhagen orthodoxy, it is the how for the continuing mysticism provided by Mach that is still remaining in quantum mechanics. It is not the why. Why it perseveres and why it was forced on the field in the first place is an important perception to be studied. In this book, I want to trace the development of quantum mechanics and try to uncover the why.

chapter Chapter 1|30 pages

In the Beginning

chapter Chapter 2|48 pages

The Arrival of Bohr’s Atomic Theory

chapter Chapter 3|58 pages

Arrival of the New Quantum Theory

chapter Chapter 4|46 pages


chapter Chapter 5|26 pages


chapter Chapter 6|28 pages


chapter Chapter 7|32 pages

The Rising Storm

chapter Chapter 8|32 pages

Bell’s Inequality

chapter Chapter 9|36 pages


chapter Chapter 10|28 pages

What Does It All Mean?