Refineries must not only adapt to evolving environmental regulations for cleaner product specifications and processing, but also find ways to meet the increasing demand for petroleum products,particularly for liquid fuels and petrochemical feedstocks. The Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum, Fourth Edition offers a 21st century perspective

part |2 pages

Part I. History, Occurrence, and Recovery

chapter 1|28 pages

History and Terminology

chapter 2|16 pages


chapter 3|36 pages

Origin and Occurrence

chapter 4|16 pages


chapter 5|44 pages

Exploration, Recovery, and Transportation

chapter 6|32 pages

Recovery of Heavy Oil and Tar Sand Bitumen

part |2 pages

Part II. Composition and Properties

chapter 7|28 pages

Chemical Composition

chapter 8|34 pages

Fractional Composition

chapter 9|42 pages

Petroleum Analysis

chapter 10|34 pages

Structural Group Analysis

chapter 11|30 pages

Asphaltene Constituents

chapter 12|28 pages

Structure of Petroleum

chapter 13|20 pages

Instability and Incompatibility

part |2 pages

Part III. Refining

chapter 14|42 pages

Introduction to Refining Processes

chapter 15|28 pages

Refining Chemistry

chapter 16|22 pages


chapter 17|34 pages

Thermal Cracking

chapter 18|26 pages

Catalytic Cracking

chapter 19|22 pages

Deasphalting and Dewaxing Processes

chapter 20|30 pages

Hydrotreating and Desulfurization

chapter 21|38 pages


chapter 22|24 pages

Hydrogen Production

chapter 23|24 pages

Product Improvement

chapter 24|22 pages

Product Treating

chapter 25|26 pages

Gas Processing

chapter 26|48 pages


chapter 27|24 pages


part |2 pages

Part IV. Environmental Issues

chapter 28|20 pages

Environmental Aspects of Refining

chapter 29|34 pages

Refinery Wastes

chapter 30|22 pages

Environmental Analysis

chapter |2 pages

Conversion Factors