Environmental contamination in cold regions poses unique problems. It affects traditionally pristine areas and presents substantial operational difficulties. The extreme temperature range, soils and geology, the unique biological diversity, the freezing and thawing of pollutants, and the impact of human activities make environmental site assessment

chapter 11|12 pages

A Pore-Scale Model for Soil Freezing

chapter 12|12 pages

Sensible Heat Exchange during Snowmelt