A thumb print left at the scene of a grisly murder. Fingerprints taken from a getaway car used in a bank robbery. A palm print recovered from the shattered glass door of a burglarized home. Indeed, where crimes are committed, careless perpetrators will invariably leave behind the critical pieces of evidence most likely in the form of fingerprints n

chapter 1|10 pages


chapter 3|26 pages

The Friction Ridge Medium

chapter |62 pages

The Chapter 4. Identification Process

chapter 5|16 pages

Poroscopy and Edgeoscopy

chapter 6|6 pages

Friction Ridge Analysis Report

chapter 7|6 pages

Ridgeology Formula

chapter 9|2 pages

The Beginning