The relationship between liquids and gases engaged the attention of a number of distinguished scientists in the mid 19th Century. In a definitive paper published in 1869, Thomas Andrews described experiments he performed on carbon dioxide and from which he concluded that a critical temperature exists below which liquids and gases are distinct phase

chapter 1|38 pages

Historical Survey

chapter 2|38 pages

Fluids: Classical Theory

chapter 3|20 pages

Magnets: Classical Theory

chapter |86 pages

The Onsager Revolution

chapter 6|46 pages


chapter 7|98 pages

Renormalization Group