This book introduces writings on the history and philosophy of surgery that previously appeared in the Journal of Investigative Surgery. It attempts to reach students of history in general and those interested in the history and philosophy of surgery in particular.

part |1 pages

Section I. Surgery of Old Times

chapter 1|4 pages

Times of Surgery

chapter 2|4 pages

Medicine in Ancient Egypt

chapter 3|3 pages

Ancient India

chapter 4|2 pages

Ancient Far East

chapter 5|2 pages

Ancient Greece—Pergamum

chapter 6|4 pages


chapter 7|4 pages

Ancient Mexico

chapter 8|6 pages

Early America

part |1 pages

Section II. Surgery: Old Masters, Pioneers and Others

chapter 9|3 pages

Galen (130 A.D.-200 A.D.)

chapter 10|3 pages

Avicenna (981 A.D.-1032 A.D.)

chapter 11|3 pages

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

chapter 12|3 pages

Ambroise Pare (1510-1590)

chapter 13|2 pages

Andreas Vesalius (1514-1567)

chapter 14|2 pages

John Hunter (1728-1793)

chapter 15|2 pages

William Shippen, Jr. (1736-1808)

chapter 16|3 pages

Benjamin Rush (1746-1813)

chapter 17|2 pages

Philip Syng Physick (1768-1837)

chapter 18|3 pages

John Syng Dorsey (1782-1818)

chapter 19|2 pages

William Beaumont (1785-1853)

chapter 20|2 pages

Paul Broca (1824-1880)

chapter 21|5 pages

Joseph Lister (1827-1912)

chapter 22|4 pages

Theodor Billroth (1829-1894)

chapter 23|2 pages

Theodor Kocher (1841-1917)

chapter 24|3 pages

Charles McBurney (1845-1913)

chapter 25|4 pages

Carl Johann August Langenbuch (1846-1901)

chapter 26|2 pages

William Stewart Halsted (1852-1922)

chapter 27|2 pages

Harvey Cushing (1869-1939)

chapter 28|2 pages

Marie Joseph Auguste Carrel (1873-1941)

chapter 27|3 pages

Ferdinand Sauerbruch (1875-1951)

chapter 30|3 pages

Wilder Penfield (1891-1976)

chapter 31|3 pages

Charles Brenton Huggins (1901-1997)

part |1 pages

Section III. Surgery: Anesthesia

chapter 32|2 pages

Founders of Modern Surgery

chapter 33|3 pages

Pioneering Steps in Anesthesia

part |1 pages

Section IV. Surgery: The Encounter with Transplantation

part |1 pages

Section V. Other Historical Aspects

chapter 38|4 pages

British Colonial America

chapter 39|5 pages

First American Medical Schools

chapter 40|2 pages

Military Surgery

chapter 41|8 pages

American Civil War

part |1 pages

Section VI. Short Editorial Notes: Philosophy and Humanities

chapter 42|2 pages

The Soul of the Knife

chapter 43|2 pages

The Search for Meaning in Surgery

chapter 44|3 pages

Cushing's Way

chapter 45|3 pages

The Ethics of Surgical Research

chapter 46|2 pages

American Research Leadership and Ingenuity

chapter 47|4 pages

Advice from a Committed Scientist

chapter 48|2 pages

Art and Surgery

chapter 49|3 pages

Poetry and Surgery

chapter 50|2 pages

Solitude in the Surgeon's Life

chapter 51|2 pages

The Invention of the NIH

chapter 52|2 pages

Passion for Surgical Research

chapter 53|2 pages

Intellectual Honesty