When a crime or other incident takes place, clothing items are often present or left behind, and can become directly involved in the case itself. Items of clothing are thus one of the most common types of exhibit examined in court. They can provide valuable information in cases of violent crimes, such as homicide or rape, as well as in burglary, ro

chapter 1|8 pages

Protocols, Procedures, and Philosophy

chapter 2|8 pages

Preliminary Inquiries

chapter 3|14 pages

Preliminary Assessment

chapter 4|44 pages

Stains and Deposits

chapter 5|22 pages

Pattern Evidence

chapter 6|26 pages


chapter 7|22 pages

Human Biological Evidence

chapter 8|60 pages

Traces and Debris

chapter 9|8 pages

Results and Their Significance