This book describes energy loss magnetic chiral dichroism (EMCD), a phenomenon in energy loss spectroscopy discovered in 2006. EMCD is the equivalent of XMCD but is based on fast probe electrons in the electron microscope. A spatial resolution of 2 nm has been demonstrated, and the lattice-resolved mapping of atomic spins appears feasible. EMCD is,

chapter 4|14 pages

Chapter Four

chapter 5|22 pages

Chapter Five

chapter 7|7 pages

Linear Dichroism and the Magic Angle

chapter |7 pages

z k’ kθqq

chapter 8|20 pages

Sum Rules in EMCD and XMCD

chapter 9|26 pages

EMCD Techniques

chapter 10|22 pages

Artefacts and Data Treatment in EMCD Spectra

chapter 11|16 pages

The Role of the Crystal in EMCD

chapter 12|9 pages

EMCD on the Nanometre Scale

chapter |3 pages


chapter 13|18 pages

Magnetic Dichroism in X-ray Holography

chapter |7 pages


chapter 52|5 pages

5 -2.5 -5 -0.2 -0.1 x[nm] 0.10.2