The worldwide petroleum industry is facing a dilemma: the production level of heavy petroleum is higher than that of light petroleum. Heavy crude oils possess high amounts of impurities (sulfur, nitrogen, metals, and asphaltenes), as well as a high yield of residue with consequent low production of valuable distillates (gasoline and diesel). These

chapter 1|42 pages

- Heavy Petroleum

chapter 3|30 pages

- Modeling of Visbreaking

chapter 4|32 pages

- Modeling of Gasification

chapter 5|40 pages

- Modeling of Coking

chapter 6|28 pages

- Noncatalytic (Thermal) Hydrotreating

chapter 7|68 pages

- Modeling of Catalytic Hydroprocessing