The purpose of risk assessment is to support science-based decisions about how to solve complex societal problems. The problems we face in the twenty-first century have many social, political, and technical complexities. Environmental risk assessment in particular is of increasing importance as a means of seeking to address the potential effects of

chapter 3|48 pages

Exposure Assessment

chapter 4|54 pages

Dose–Response Assessment

chapter 5|78 pages

Risk Characterization

chapter 6|70 pages

Ecological Risk Assessment

chapter 7|40 pages

Future of Risk Assessment