How Designers Think is based on Bryan Lawson's many observations of designers at work, interviews with designers and their clients and collaborators. This extended work is the culmination of forty years' research and shows the belief that we all can, and do, design, and that we can learn to design better. The creative mind continues to have the power to surprise and this book aims to nurture and extend this creativity. Neither the earlier editions, nor this book, are intended as authoritative prescriptions of how designers should think but provide helpful advice on how to develop an understanding of design.

In this fourth edition, Bryan Lawson continues to try and understand how designers think, to explore how they might be better educated and to develop techniques to assist them in their task. Some chapters have been revised and three completely new chapters added. The book is now intended to be read in conjunction with What Designers Know which is a companion volume. Some of the ideas previously discussed in the third edition of How Designers Think are now explored more thoroughly in What Designers Know. For the first time this fourth edition works towards a model of designing and the skills that collectively constitute the design process.

part |49 pages

What Is Design?

chapter |14 pages


chapter |14 pages

The Changing Role of the Designer

chapter |19 pages

Route Maps of the Design Process

part |76 pages

Problems and Solutions

chapter |10 pages

The Components of Design Problems

chapter |28 pages

A Model of Design Problems

part |177 pages

Design Thinking

chapter |16 pages

Types and Styles of Thinking

chapter |13 pages

Creative Thinking

chapter |20 pages

Guiding Principles

chapter |18 pages

Design Strategies

chapter |20 pages

Design Tactics

chapter |13 pages

Design Traps

chapter |32 pages

Designing with Others

chapter |21 pages

Design as Conversation and Perception

chapter |17 pages

Towards a Model of Designing