This book examines the continuing devastation in the Darfur region of Sudan, from the perspective of a multiplicity of conflicts of distinct types.

The crisis reached its peak in 2003–2004, when certain Arab militias joined forces with the Sudan armed forces in a campaign against insurgent resistance movements. Engulfed in the tumult, Darfurians experienced systematic slaughter, sexual violence, and internal displacement on a massive scale. Although the violence has waned in recent years, the fighting continues to this day. The authors cast this crisis as a complex web of four distinct, yet interlacing, conflict types:

  • long-standing disputes between farmers and herders and between different herder communities
  • political struggles between the local elite leaders of the resistance movements, and those between traditional leaders (elders) and younger aspiring leaders
  • long-standing grievances of marginalized groups against those at the national centre of power
  • cross-border conflicts, primarily the proxy war waged between Chad and Sudan

The crisis in South Sudan is also examined through the lens of conflict complementarity. This book will be of interest to students of African politics, genocide, political violence, ethnic conflict, war and conflict studies, peacebuilding and IR.

chapter |6 pages


part I|98 pages

Violent conflict in Darfur

chapter 1|17 pages

Violence in Darfur

chapter 2|21 pages

Complementary conflicts

chapter 3|19 pages

Communal conflicts

chapter 4|8 pages

Local elite conflicts

chapter 5|9 pages

Center–periphery conflicts

chapter 6|6 pages

Cross-border conflicts

chapter 7|16 pages

South Sudan

The continuing crisis

part II|35 pages

Peacebuilding in Darfur

chapter 8|16 pages

The international response

chapter 9|12 pages

Negotiating the conflicts in Darfur

chapter 10|5 pages


chapter |4 pages

Simulation exercise

Problem-solving workshop on Darfur