Learning is the foundation of the human experience. It begins at birth and never stops, a continuous and malleable link across life stages of human development. Disparities in learning access and outcomes around the world have deep consequences for income, social mobility, health, and well-being. For international development practitioners faced with today's unprecedented environmental and geopolitical pressures, learning should be viewed as a touchstone and target for those seeking to truly effect global change. This book traces the path of international development work—from its pre-colonial origins to the emergence of economics as the dominant discipline in the field—and lays out a new agenda for policymakers, researchers, and practitioners, from early education through adulthood. Learning as Development is an attempt to rethink international education in a changing world.

chapter |6 pages


Toward a New Understanding of Development

part |71 pages


chapter 1|25 pages

International Development

chapter 2|20 pages

Human Development

A Life-Span Approach

chapter 3|24 pages

Learning as Development

part |61 pages


chapter 4|19 pages

Learning in Early Childhood

chapter 5|22 pages

Children and Basic Skills

chapter 6|18 pages

Youth and Adult Learning

Beyond the Classroom

part |34 pages

Educational Institutions

chapter 7|14 pages

Schools and Schooling

chapter 8|18 pages

Teachers and Pedagogies

part |90 pages

Trends and Challenges

chapter 9|26 pages

New Technologies

Problems and Prospects

chapter 10|14 pages

Globalization and the Environment

chapter 11|32 pages

Measurement of Learning

chapter 12|16 pages

Learning Equity

A New Agenda for Development

chapter |3 pages


The Challenges Ahead