In the West, innovations in new public management (NPM) have been regarded as part of the neoliberal project, whilst in China, these reforms have emerged from a very different economic and social landscape. Despite these differences however, similar measures to those introduced in the West have been adopted by the Chinese state, which has largely abandoned the planned economy and adopted market mechanisms in the pursuit of improved economic efficiency and growth.

Evaluating the results of these reforms in both China and the West between 1978 and 2011, this book shows that despite substantial improvements in economic efficiency in both cases under consideration, there have been considerable negative impacts on the distribution of wealth, access to public services, levels of poverty, public health, and the incidence of crime. Further, this book explores the different results of NPM in China and the West and the conclusions Paolo Urio draws have timely significance, as he suggests that China has been able to change its policies more rapidly and thus more effectively respond to the challenges posed by the current economic crisis.

Drawing on both Western and Chinese sources, this innovative book compares the consequences of their public management reforms, taking into account the impact on both the economy and society. As such, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars working in the fields of Chinese studies, Asian studies, business, economics, strategic public management and comparative studies in capitalism and socialism.

chapter |9 pages


part I|53 pages

Analysing New Public Management in China and in the West

chapter 1|13 pages

From public administration to New Public Management

An intellectual journey

chapter 2|38 pages

Comparing New Public Management in China and in the West

Some theoretical and methodological problems

part II|41 pages

The rise of New Public Management in the West and in China

chapter 3|24 pages

The foundation of the Western experiment

Neoliberalism, New Public Management and the ‘Washington consensus'

chapter 4|15 pages

The foundation of Chinese New Public Management

Deng's reforms or the demise of the planned economy and the introduction of market mechanisms1

part III|91 pages

The crisis of New Public Management in the West and in China

chapter 5|36 pages

The Western experiment

Some positive economic achievements, many societal problems

chapter 6|53 pages

The Chinese experiment

Many success stories, considerable disparities and environmental damages, but also an astonishing capacity for reversing past policies

chapter |12 pages


Chinese way, Western way, the 2008–11 crisis and beyond