Mesopotamia was one of the earliest regions to produce writing, literature and the fine arts, as well as being one of the first areas to construct states. This comprehensive and detailed survey of the region's prehistory and protohistory shows how these fascinating developments were possible.
Petr Charvát explores the economic, social and spiritual spheres in Mesopotamia from the Palaeolithic to the time of the early states, c. 100,000 BC to 2334 BC. The narrative is supplemented by numerous descriptions of the principal archaeological sites for each phase, and by conclusions outlining the most important developments and changes.

chapter 1|6 pages

The Palaeolithic

chapter 2|9 pages

The Mesolithic or Epipalaeolithic

chapter 3|33 pages

The Neolithic

chapter 4|69 pages

The Chalcolithic

chapter 5|73 pages

The Uruk culture

A civilization is born

chapter 6|87 pages

When kingship descended upon the earth

The Jemdet Nasr and Early Dynastic periods

chapter 7|7 pages