This work examines the counter-narratives of social actors that may be used as resources to promote and create social change, particularly racial change. A policy implication emanating from this research is to institute an educational component for the North Carolina public school curriculum that addresses the racial violence in Wilmington in 1898. A model syllabus is provided.

chapter 1|8 pages


chapter 2|10 pages

Theoretical Context

chapter 4|74 pages

“Men of the Cape Fear”

chapter 5|20 pages

A New Narrative

chapter 7|20 pages

Do Narratives Matter?