This book explores the role of coercion in the relationship between the citizens and regimes of communist Eastern Europe. Looking in detail at Soviet collectivisation in 1928-34, the Hungarian Uprising of 1956 and the Polish Solidarity Movement of 1980-84, it shows how the system excluded channels to enable popular grievances to be translated into collective opposition; how this lessened the amount of popular protest, affected the nature of such protest as did occur and entrenched the dominance of state over society.

chapter 1|19 pages


chapter 2|22 pages

Theories of state–society relations

chapter 3|26 pages

Soviet collectivization

chapter 4|26 pages

The Hungarian Uprising

chapter 5|32 pages

Poland and Solidarity

chapter 6|15 pages