This translation provides fascinating insights into a critical period in Moroccan history and Moroccan-British relations during the nineteenth century. Using the life and work of the British representative in Tangier, John Drummond Hay, an individual who personally experienced the relations between the two countries and contributed directly to them for a period of almost half a century, the author observes the nature of these relations and the interwoven threads which governed and directed them.

chapter |12 pages

General introduction

chapter |11 pages


The historical development of Anglo-Moroccan relations to 1850

chapter 1|38 pages

Criticisms of the Makhzan’s trade policy

chapter 6|16 pages

The waning of British influence in Morocco