Now available in English for the first time, Gunpowder and Incense (translated from the Spanish La Pólvora y el Incienso) chronicles the role of the Church in Spanish politics, looking in particular at the Spanish Civil War.

Unlike most books on the subject, Hilari Raguer looks beyond the traditional explanation that the war was primarily a religious struggle. His writing presents an exemplary "insider's" perspective, and is notable for its balance and perception on the role of the Catholic Church before, during and after the War.

The material is presented in a lucid, elegant manner - which makes this book as readable as it is historiographically important. It will be vital reading for students and scholars of European, religious and modern history.

chapter |14 pages


chapter |21 pages

The Religious Question during the Second Republic

A polemical subject

chapter |14 pages

The initial reasons for the rebellion

The military uprising of July 1936.

chapter |13 pages

From the pronunciamiento to the Crusade

The consecration of the pronunciamiento

chapter |14 pages

The initial attitude of the Spanish bishops

Involvement of the Spanish Church in the Civil War

chapter |29 pages

The initial attitude of the Vatican

The Vatican press in the Civil War 1

chapter |20 pages

The Collective Letter

How the document originated

chapter |33 pages

Persecution and repression

Religious persecution

chapter |27 pages

Stories of persecution and repression

‘Jesuits in the Red Levante'

chapter |23 pages

Franco's relations with the Vatican are strengthened

The arrival of Antoniutti

chapter |41 pages

The third Spain: doves and hawks

The third Spain

chapter |33 pages

The Republic desires reconciliation with the Church

A Basque Catholic in the Government of the Republic 1

chapter |26 pages

The exile of Cardinal Vidal i Barraquer

An interdict against Vidal i Barraquer

chapter |17 pages

The Church of victory